Indeed, since time immemorial there has been no bride service, bridewealth
has been low, and extramarital relations have contributed to social cohesion by generating alliances and trust among individuals.
(37.) Goody J and Tambiah SJ, Bridewealth
and Dowry, London: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
Her conclusions are that the village-based, less socially complex society of early Israel emphasized bridewealth
("property tendered by the husband's grouping to the kin of his wife"), without dowry ("gifts involving property which is brought to a union by the bride's family") as central to its kinship and inheritance system (see glossary, p.
(66) Another cause of the Shake-Adouma troubles came from disputes over marriage exchanges and bridewealth
(101) Families have a financial incentive to ensure a daughter's virginity at marriage, as virginity may affect the family's negotiations over the amount of bridewealth
it will receive at the time of her marriage.
In Oelua, adat laws exist in relation to marriage proposals and bridewealth
payments, elopement, pregnancy outside of wedlock, divorce, crops destroyed by livestock, stealing of livestock, quarrelling and fighting, slander, deception, provocateurs who cause public disturbances, destruction of land and forest, drinking and gambling, failing to join a mutual aid (gotong royong) activity, (92) children failing to attend school without permission, and children not progressing to junior high school.
had been paid in part, the complete requirements for a
A key traditional practice in these marriages is the bridewealth
payment by the groom's family, in cattle as well as in cash.
The concept of Roora/Lobola is translated into English as bridewealth
* Marriage usually involves 'bridewealth
' or ilobola (gifts from the kin of the groom to the kin of the prospective bride) which signifies the joining of two families or clans.
The Ordinance afforded young men the opportunity to save money for bridewealth
payments over time as richer, older men would not be able to "snap up" all available women.
(51) To complicate matters further, even if she is willing to leave under these terms, her own family may not welcome her back because they may be forced to return the lobolo, or bridewealth
, something they may be unwilling or unable to do.