They also say that camps outside Bukit Duabelas may have different systems of customary law, and that arranging bride service and bridewealth
would be difficult.
Home C, Dodoo FN-A and Dodoo ND, The shadow of indebtedness: bridewealth
and norms constraining female reproductive autonomy, American Sociological Review, 2013, 78(3):503-520.
Her conclusions are that the village-based, less socially complex society of early Israel emphasized bridewealth
("property tendered by the husband's grouping to the kin of his wife"), without dowry ("gifts involving property which is brought to a union by the bride's family") as central to its kinship and inheritance system (see glossary, p.
66) Another cause of the Shake-Adouma troubles came from disputes over marriage exchanges and bridewealth
101) Families have a financial incentive to ensure a daughter's virginity at marriage, as virginity may affect the family's negotiations over the amount of bridewealth
it will receive at the time of her marriage.
The groom-to-be's family must make an early down payment of the bridewealth
to the bride's family at the time of the initial agreement.
A key traditional practice in these marriages is the bridewealth
payment by the groom's family, in cattle as well as in cash.
The concept of Roora/Lobola is translated into English as bridewealth
The Ordinance afforded young men the opportunity to save money for bridewealth
payments over time as richer, older men would not be able to "snap up" all available women.
51) To complicate matters further, even if she is willing to leave under these terms, her own family may not welcome her back because they may be forced to return the lobolo, or bridewealth
, something they may be unwilling or unable to do.
Small everyday expenses are paid for in modern money, he explains, and the shell money--two kinds each with some 20 hierarchical classes--are used mostly in large ceremonial payments for such matters as pig feasts, the construction of canoes or houses, bridewealth
, and mortuary exchanges.
9) This resulted in later age at first marriage because young men could not accumulate bridewealth
themselves by opening land and cultivating an opium field; they found themselves dependent on parents to not only pay bridewealth
but to provide land to him and his bride.