Brigade


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This allowed the brigade to be more creative in its approach to provide direct support for the 3rd ID and further integrate strategic partners such as the Army Field Support Battalion-Stewart and a contingency contracting battalion.
The Mayor said billions of rupees funds have been allocated in the Prime Minister's Karachi Package for the fire brigade therefore he urged the officers to ensure better working relationship and good environment in the department.
Caption: Soldiers from the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, wait for a team of UH-60 Blackhawks, assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 501st Assault Helicopter Battalion, Combat Aviation Brigade, to extract them after performing an air assault.
He said this while addressing a meeting on the provision of modern equipment to the fire brigade in his office on Monday.
In the second round of the quarter-final fixtures planned for 11am, Pool C' leaders Artillery Brigade will battle it out for a semi-final spot with Kenya Navy Mtongwe.
The governor assured that the state government would support and ensure the full take-off of the brigade within the limits of its finances.
The brigade was stationed there after being led by Brig.
* Integration as part of brigade information and intelligence collection efforts.
It is not enough for you to have a relationship with your brigade S-3 and the commander.
One full brigade has been lifted from Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh and another from Udhampur in occupied Kashmir and shifted to the Kashmir Valley, mainly along the LoC.
Caroline Castaneda, the brigade head, said the elderly patrol started with 64 women in 2002 but the number has declined over the years, as some members have passed on or were 'unable to withstand the physical challenge.'