(redirected from Brinjals)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Brinjals: Aubergines


eggplant, name for Solanum melongena, a large-leaved woody perennial shrub (often grown as an annual herb) of the family Solanaceae (nightshade family), and also cultivated for its ovoid fruit. Native to SE Asia, the eggplant is raised in tropical and (as an annual) in warm climates as a garden vegetable and is a staple in parts of the Middle East. The fruit (a berry, like its relative the tomato) varies in size and may be black, purple, white, green, yellow, or striped. Eggplants are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Solanales, family Solanaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Solanum melongena), a perennial plant of the Solanaceae family. It has a firm stem of up to 100 cm high and more; large leaves with violet inclusions when young; and violet flowers that are either solitary or gathered in racemes. The fruit is a globular, pear-shaped, or cylindrical berry, yellow with brown stripes, white, green, or violet; it weighs from 0.4 to 1 kg. Eggplants like heat and moisture. The best temperature for their growth and development is 20–30° C, and the optimum soil moisture is 80 percent of the full moisture capacity. The plant in the wild form is found in such Southeast Asian countries as India and Burma. It is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical belts. In the USSR, eggplants are grown in open ground primarily in the south: in the Trans-caucasian republics, the south of the RSFSR and Ukrainian SSR, the Moldavian SSR, and Middle Asia. The fruits are harvested when ripe for industrial purposes. They contain dry substances, 7.1–11 percent; sugar, 2.72–4 percent; proteins, 0.6–1.4 percent; fats, 0.1–0.4 percent; and also salts of calcium, phosphorus, and iron, among others. Eggplants are a valuable vegetable for the canning industry (eggplant paste, sauteed eggplant, and other products); the fruits are fried, stewed, marinated, and prepared in other ways.

The yield of eggplant is 15–30 tons per hectare. The most widely distributed varieties include Delikates 163, Donskoi 14, Dlinnyi Fioletovyi 239, Simferopol’skii 105, and Kon-servnyi 10. In countries with subtropical and temperate climates, eggplants are grown as an annual plant by the seedling method. The seeds are planted in hotbeds or greenhouses 45–60 days before transplanting. In the ground the distance between plants within a row is 35–40 cm and the distance between rows is 70 cm. Maintenance consists of hoeing the soil, weeding, watering, feeding, and combating diseases and pests. When grown for seeds, eggplants are cultivated in the same manner as when grown for food uses. Before harvest the seed-bearing plants are carefully selected and the sick plants removed. The seed yield is 0.5–1.5 centners per hectare. Pests that attack eggplants include tarnished plant bug and mole crickets. The diseases include dry rot, phytophthora, and wilting.


Gazenbush, V. L. “Baklazhany.” In Sorta ovoshchnykh kul’tur SSSR. Edited by D. D. Brezhnev. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Solanum melongena. A plant of the order Polemoniales grown for its edible egg-shaped, fleshy fruit.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a tropical Old World solanaceous plant, Solanum melongena, widely cultivated for its egg-shaped typically dark purple fruit
2. the fruit of this plant, which is cooked and eaten as a vegetable
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Kharif crop comprises Brinjals, Lady finger, grounds, pumpkins, sweet potato etc.
Should you need any more information or would like to reach out to me, kindly contact me via email.Farzeen WilsonCrops like okra, brinjals, chillies, citrus, mango, cashew nuts, coconuts, bananas, cassava, sorghum, green grams, millet, cowpeas and amaranthus (terere) will do well in Kilifi.
My mother had prepared the food from scratch, the cauliflower, the basil, the tomatoes, brinjals, pumpkin, chilies and herbs all plucked from her own garden.
"We are protesting the BT brinjal because we have 2,500 varieties of brinjals in our country.
A NATIONAL consultation is beginning on Wednesday on genetically modified ( GM) brinjals before the government decides on its commercial release.
Some well known vegetables of the country are cauliflower, tomato, cabbages, brinjals, peas, onions, chilies and potatoes.
figure By BOZO JENJE Dressed in a blue shirt and matching trouser, Ali Said, 43, welcomes us to his Hillgate Farm at Tsangatsini in Kilifi County.The former accountant grows pawpaws, capsicum, brinjals and chilli of the bullet and habanero varieties.
That's because the pollen flow from cultivated brinjal to wild brinjals is extremely remote under natural conditions.
Out of the indigenously dried and preserved vegetables are: Alae Hache (dried bottle gourds), Ruvangan Hache (dry tomatoes), Vangan Hache (dry brinjals), Hoch meethi (dry fenugreek), Hoch Palak (dry spinach), Gogji arae (dry turnip), Gogji Mus (small dry turnip with leaves), Bumb (a wild herb) and Hand (a wild herb) are a few of the commonly found dried vegetables.
Some examples include potatoes (30 per cent), maize (40 per cent) and brinjals (103 per cent).
These states produce nearly 80 percent of brinjals. I have received a reply from the state chief of Bihar and I hope to get answers from other state chiefs also," said Ramesh.
So, consumers cannot distinguish between GM and natural brinjals, activists said.