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, city, England

Bristol, city and unitary authority (2021 est. pop. 694,000), SW England, at the confluence of the Avon and Frome rivers. Bristol, a leading international port, has extensive facilities, including docks at Avonmouth, Portishead, and Royal Portbury. It is a transportation hub and is a financial services center. General and nuclear engineering and the design and manufacture of aircraft are the largest industries. The Concorde, the former Franco-British supersonic airliner, was built in Bristol. Others industries include flour milling, printing, and the manufacture of paper, footwear, and tobacco products.

Points of interest in Bristol include the 14th-century church of St. Mary Redcliffe, known for its fine architecture; a 14th-century cathedral (rebuilt 1868–88) with a Norman chapter house and gateway; the Merchant Venturers' Almshouses; University Tower; and some notable examples of Regency architecture. The Clifton suspension bridge, spanning the Avon and the scenic Avon Gorge, connects Bristol with Leighwoods. Bristol has a famous university.

Bristol has been a trading center since the 12th cent. First chartered as a city in 1155, it became a separate county by order of Edward III in 1373, the first provincial town to receive this honor, and it remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act. During the reign of Edward III the manufacture of woolen cloth was developed. The cloth was exported chiefly to Ireland, Spain, and Portugal.

The explorers John Cabot and his son Sebastian (to whom there is a monument on Brandon Hill) sailed to Newfoundland and America from Bristol in the late 15th and early 16th cent. In the 18th cent. Bristol was active in the colonial triangular trade: English goods went to Africa; African slaves to the West Indies; and West Indian sugar, rum, and tobacco to Bristol. The port declined during the late 18th and early 19th cent. because of competition from Liverpool, the end of slave trading, and the decline of the West Indian trade.

The Great Western (1838), one of the first transatlantic steamships, and the Great Britain (1845) the first ocean steamship with a screw propeller, were launched from Bristol, and the mid-19th cent. saw the revival of the port. The city was heavily damaged during World War II. The poets Thomas Chatterton and Robert Southey were born there.


, cities, United States

Bristol. 1 Industrial city (2020 pop. 60,833), Hartford co., central Conn., on the Pequabuck River; settled 1727, inc. 1785. Its clock-making industry dates from 1790. It also makes machinery, electrical equipment, and metal products, and is home to the ESPN television network and an elevator testing facility. The American Clock and Watch Museum is there, and on Lake Compounce is the nation's oldest continually operating amusement park.

2 Industrial borough (2020 pop. 9,726), Bucks co., SE Pa., on the Delaware River opposite Burlington, N.J.; settled 1697, inc. 1720. Its many manufactures include plastics, paper, medical supplies, and electronic equipment. The third oldest borough in the state, it was once a busy river port with important shipbuilding activities. Among its historic structures is the Friends Meetinghouse (c.1710). A restoration of 17th- and 18th-century buildings and a replica of William Penn's country manor are nearby.

3 Town (2020 pop. 22,493), seat of Bristol co., E R.I., a port of entry on Narragansett Bay; inc. as a Plymouth Colony town 1681, ceded to Rhode Island 1746. An early center of commercial trade, the port was (18th–19th cent.) a base for whaling and shipbuilding. The Herreshoff boatyard, where many winners of the America's Cup were built, was in operation until 1945. Manufacturing includes wire and cable, cotton thread, and fiberglass boats. King Philip's War (1675–76) began and ended on the site of the town, and a monument on Mt. Hope marks the spot where King Philip fell. The Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology has notable collections of Native American relics. On Hope St. is a row of preserved colonial homes. The town is the seat of Roger Williams Univ. Mt. Hope Bridge connects Bristol with Portsmouth.

4 Industrial cities on the Tenn.-Va. line, Sullivan co., Tenn. (2020 pop. 26,702), independent and in no county in Virginia (2020 pop. 17,835); settled 1749 as Sapling Grove, inc. as separate towns 1856, as Bristol city 1890. The two cities, although separate municipalities, are economically a unit that is the transportation and processing center of a mountainous region. Livestock is raised and electronic equipment, metal products, and caskets are produced there. Shelby's Fort (built 1771) was frequented by Daniel Boone. Two hundred years of controversy preceded the location of the state line down the middle of State Street. King College is in Bristol, Tenn., and Virginia Intermont College is in the Virginia city. In the area are Bristol Caverns and Bristol Motor Speedway.

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Bristol (Independent City), Virginia

497 Cumberland St Rm 210
Bristol, VA 24201
Phone: (276) 645-7321
Fax: (276) 821-6097

In southwestern VA on the Tennessee border. Name Origin: Established in 1850 as Goodson, for Samuel Goodson, the founder; incorporated as a town in 1856. Incorporated as a city and renamed Bristol in 1890 for the contiguous town in TN of the same name

Area (sq mi):: 13.16 (land 12.90; water 0.27) Population per square mile: 1343.80
Population 2005: 17,335 State rank: 85 Population change: 2000-20005 -0.20%; 1990-2000 -5.70% Population 2000: 17,367 (White 91.90%; Black or African American 5.60%; Hispanic or Latino 1.00%; Asian 0.40%; Other 1.50%). Foreign born: 1.40%. Median age: 41.30
Income 2000: per capita $17,311; median household $27,389; Population below poverty level: 16.20% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $23,044-$25,307
Unemployment (2004): 6.10% Unemployment change (from 2000): 2.10% Median travel time to work: 18.00 minutes Working outside county of residence: 53.60%
Cities with population over 10,000:
  • Bristol County seat (17,308)

  • See other counties in .
    Counties USA: A Directory of United States Counties, 3rd Edition. © 2006 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
    The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



    a city (county borough) in southwestern Great Britain in Gloucestershire on the river Avon not far from its mouth in the Bristol Channel of the Atlantic Ocean. Population, circa 427,200 (1969). It is a major port (with the out-ports of Avonmouth and Portishead) and railroad junction. It is a machine-building center that is noted for its aircraft and jet aviation industry (the factories of the British Aircraft Corporation and of Bristol-Siddeley are located in the northern suburb of Filton). There are food and condiment (sugar, chocolate, and tobacco), chemical, and petroleum refining industries, as well as nonferrous metallurgy (using imported raw materials). It has a university.

    It was founded in about the sixth century and from the 12th century has been well known as a major port. During the colonization of North America and the West Indies (in the 17th and the early 18th centuries) Bristol was one of the slave-trading and colonial trading centers (sugar, tobacco, and so forth).

    Preserved in Bristol are dwellings from the Middle Ages, the late Romanesque frame hospital of St. Peter (12th century), a cathedral (begun in 1142 and rebuilt in the Gothic style during the 13th to 15th centuries), the Gothic church of St. Mary Redcliffe (from the 13th century to 1475), a stock market (1740-43 by the architect J. Wood) in the classical style, and a single-span suspension bridge (1836-64, with a length of c. 230 m). There is a museum and a city art gallery.


    Bristol and Its Adjoining Counties. Bristol, 1955.
    The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


    1. City of. a port and industrial city in SW England, mainly in Bristol unitary authority, on the River Avon seven miles from its mouth on the Bristol Channel: a major port, trading with America, in the 17th and 18th centuries; the modern port consists chiefly of docks at Avonmouth and Portishead; noted for the Clifton Suspension Bridge (designed by I K Brunel, 1834) over the Avon gorge; Bristol university (1909) and University of the West of England (1992). Pop.: 420 556 (2001)
    2. City of. a unitary authority in SW England, created in 1996 from part of Avon county. Pop.: 391 500 (2003 est.). Area: 110 sq. km (42 sq. miles)
    Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
    References in periodicals archive ?
    Nigel Scott, Business Development Director, Bristol Airport said: 'We are delighted Ryanair is adding Turin to the route network from Bristol Airport this winter.
    This year, the fiesta is celebrating icons of Bristol including Concorde and Aardman Animations, which is celebrating the 30th anniversary of Wallace and Gromit.
    'It offers opportunities for inbound visitors using Bristol as a gateway to the region.
    Any business member of the Bristol Pound that has been trading for two or more years and has a turnover of [pounds sterling]25,000 plus per annum will be eligible to borrow between 1,000 and 15,000 Bristol Pounds.
    Passengers travelling between Swindon and Bristol Parkway will need to travel via Bristol Temple Meads and change there for services for Bristol Parkway instead.
    The tweet included the hashtag #SaveBristolArena, and Bristol Live reported that the account has been 'a vociferous critic' of the proposal.
    Bristol at Parkway Place is designed for modern, central living: refined and well-appointed; lively yet unhurried.
    Bristol, 27, was born on October 18, 1990, in Wasilla, Alaska, and went to Juneau-Douglas High School while Sarah was governor.
    Bristol Healthcare Services has been making serious improvement to the field of healthcare system through innovative software and service solutions.
    The people of Bristol were in awe of the sight, as they all took to their Twitter and Instagram accounts to share the odd phenomenon that at first confounded them and then warmed their hearts.
    To purchase the 21TEN--Roy Ireland Memorial Blend or for more information on Bristol Twenty Coffee, visit:
    Birmingham v Fulham Bolton v Forest Brentford v Hull Bristol City v Sheff Utd Cardiff v Reading Derby v Barnsley Ipswich v Middlesbrough Leeds v QPR Millwall v Aston Villa Preston v Burton Albion Sheff Wed v Norwich Sunderland v Wolves