British Indian Ocean Territory


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British Indian Ocean Territory,

archipelago, c.1,180 mi (1,900 km), NE of Mauritius, in the central Indian Ocean. The more than 50 islands, which form the Chagos Archipelago and are located on the southern end of a chain of sea mounts that also includes LakshadweepLakshadweep
, union territory (2001 provisional pop. 60,595), 11 sq mi (28 sq km), SW India, consisting of the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi islands in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Kerala state.
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 and the MaldivesMaldives
, Dhivehi Dhivehi Raajje, officially Republic of Maldives, republic (2015 est. pop. 418,000), 115 sq mi (298 sq km), off the coast of S Asia in the N Indian Ocean. Malé is the capital and the largest island.
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, were administered by MauritiusMauritius
, officially Republic of Mauritius, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,259,000), 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, c.500 mi (800 km) E of Madagascar.
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, but they were made a separate dependency by the British in 1965 before Mauritius became (1968) independent. Their importance is primarily strategic; the United States and Britain maintain a major naval facility on the main island, Diego GarciaDiego Garcia,
coral island, 11 sq mi (28 sq km). Indian Ocean, largest island of the Chagos Archipelago, SW of Sri Lanka. Part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, the island was leased (1970) to the United States and later developed as a joint U.S.
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. Between 1967 and 1973 Britain evicted the Chagos islanders as the archipelago was converted to purely military use; a case brought in 1975 by islanders led to a settlement and compensation in 1982. In 2000, however, islanders secured a British court decision declaring their explusion illegal, but the British government subsequently (2004) prevented their return to the outlying Chagos islands. Islanders again successfully challenged the government in court in 2007, but the government won on appeal the following year (on the basis of the 1982 settlement), and that decision was upheld by the European Court of Human Rights in 2012 and the British Supreme Court in 2016. In 2010 the British government established one of the world's largest marine reserves (c.210,000 sq mi/545,000 sq km) in the waters surrounding the islands. The UN General Assembly, at the urging of Mauritius, which has long claimed the islands, in 2017 referred the question of the Chagos Islands' legal status to the International Court of Justice, which ruled (2019) in an advisory opinion that Britain had unlawfully separated the islands from Mauritius and denied the islanders their right to self-determination. The archipelago is also claimed by the Maldives and Seychelles.
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British Indian Ocean Territory

a UK Overseas Territory in the Indian Ocean: consists of the Chagos Archipelago (formerly a dependency of Mauritius) and formerly included (until 1976) Aldabra, Farquhar, and Des Roches, now administratively part of the Seychelles. Diego Garcia is an important US naval base
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ascension Island, Bahamas, Bermuda, Belize, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Gibraltar.
It appears the book is also doing duty for Diego Garcia, Chagos (2 entries) and the British Indian Ocean Territory (nil entries).
KBR announced its global government services business, KBRwyle, has been awarded a $62 million contract modification to continue providing base operating support services, or BOSS, at Navy Support Facility Diego Garcia in the British Indian Ocean Territory. The Naval Facilities Engineering Command, or NAVFAC, Pacific has awarded KBRwyle the first of a possible seven option years on a $515 million fixed-price-with-award fee contract originally won by KBRwyle in 2017.
Diego Garcia is the largest of 55 islands that form the Chagos Archipelago within the British Indian Ocean Territory and is known as the "Footprint of Freedom" for its shape, regional location, and strategic importance.
British Indian Ocean Territory or Chagos Island - - population 3,000.
The islands, numbering around sixty, were/are part of the British Indian Ocean Territory. The reason for this 'push' migration, as noted by Ballyn, was to allow the construction of the Diego Garcia Airbase by the USA.
Well, Mauritius is not pleased about the UK's continued refusal to settle the long-standing dispute about the Chagos Archipelago, which was detached from Mauritian territory in 1965 in breach of international law before independence in 1968, and now forms the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT).
5 The Government won an appeal against a court decision in favour of 2,000 former residents of a British Indian Ocean territory when the Lords ruled they would not be able to return to which islands?
The judges ruled that the interests of the islanders from the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) had been ignored.
Overseas countries and territories of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Anguilla, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Saint Helena and Dependencies, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Turks and Caicos Islands, British Virgin Islands.

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