British North America Act


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British North America Act,

law passed by the British Parliament in 1867 that provided for the unification of the Canadian provinces into the dominion of Canada. Until 1982 the act also functioned as the constitution of Canada. The act enumerated the powers of the provincial legislatures and gave the residual powers to the dominion; its interpretation by the privy council somewhat nullified this design by giving a very extended scope to the provincial power of "property and civil rights," and developing a doctrine of "emergency powers" to give the dominion the authority needed by a national government in time of war. This act was superseded by the Canada ActCanada Act,
also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982.
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 of 1982.
References in periodicals archive ?
91(24) of the British North America Act, federal jurisdiction, as Indian Reserves.
In 1927, the question for the petition was decided by Justice officials to be: "Does the word 'person' in section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, include female persons?
Reference re British North America Act 1867 (UK) Section 24, [1928] S.
He is hopeful the courts will see things that way because, he said, the word "Indian" was never defined when Section 91 (24) of the British North America Act gave the federal government--not the provinces--responsibility for Native people.
However, the British North America Act is written to ensure areas of jurisdiction are clearly understood.
In 1981 when she came to Canada to sign the new Canadian Constitution, it was a moment when she wore two crowns in quick succession, for as the United Kingdom sovereign she terminated the British North America Act and as Queen of Canada she signed the Constitution of Canada.
In January 1867 Adderley was playing host to the prime minister of Canada with his delegation, a visit that resulted in the British North America Act, giving Canada dominion status.
This dates back to the British North America Act [section 91(24)]; but when you consult this, it says that the federal government is responsible for Indians and lands reserved for Indians.
Part One concludes not with the British North America Act (though there is a fine passage on this too), but with discussions on entertainment and diversions, individual creativity, and the birth of a Canadian voice in literature.
The first examines what Americans might call the original intent of the founding fathers: in this case the architects of the British North America Act of 1867 that brought Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia into a unified Dominion of Canada.
The territories were established following assent of the British North America Act in 1867: By an Imperial Order in Council passed on June 23, 1870 pursuant to the Rupert's Land Act, 1868 (Br.
The British North America Act gave the federal government most of the power, with the provinces having defined limited powers.

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