British Petroleum Oil Spill
British Petroleum Oil Spill
On April 20, 2010, Deepwater Horizon, the semi-submersible exploratory offshore drilling rig in the Macondo Prospect oil field in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded and sank after two days. A partially capped oil well one mile below the surface of the water began releasing 35,000 to 60,000 barrels per day into the Gulf, eventually contaminating the coasts of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Texas, and Florida.
Of the 126 crew members on board the rig at the time of the explosion, 79 were employees of Transocean Ltd., seven of British Petroleum, and the rest of various companies, including Anadarko, Halliburton, and M-I Swaco. Eleven of the crew were killed as a result of the blowout. The U.S. government named British Petroleum (BP) as the responsible party and held the company liable for all clean-up costs and other damages. Deep-sea robots were unable to stop the approximately 60,000 barrels of oil from gushing into the Gulf until July 15, 2010.
BP is a global oil and gas company headquartered in London, England. It is ranked as one of the six “supermajor” oil and gas companies and is the third-largest energy company and fourth-largest company in the world, as measured by revenues. BP has operations in over eighty countries, produces approximately 3.8 million barrels of oil a day, and franchises 22,400 service stations around the world. The largest division of BP is in the United States.
Although British Petroleum assumed responsibility for the clean-up at an estimated $7 million a day, established a $20 billion spill response fund, and willingly dealt with individual lawsuits, all of which cut into its profit margin, some conspiracy theorists argued that BP had destroyed the rig in the Macondo Prospect oil field itself in order to profit from higher gas prices.
Other conspiracists argued that BP and the citizens of the Gulf Coast region were the victims of such insidious plots as:
- North Korea, a nation whose leaders seem intent on prodding the United States and South Korea to declare war, launched a small suicide submarine from Cuba with the mission of blowing up a significant number of oil rigs off the coast of the United States. Although the destruction of Deepwater Horizon was successful, the submarine was also destroyed when it ventured too close to the rig. U.S. officials declared a blackout of the identity of the submariners in order to prevent a national panic about an attack in U.S. waters, and North Korean involvement was covered up.
- Rush Limbaugh, who has never met a disaster that he couldn’t blame on Liberals and Democrats, expressed his suspicions that left-wing saboteurs blew up the Deepwater rig on the eve before Earth Day, thus signaling that the Cap and Trade Bill was an important deterrence to the evil of drilling for oil off the coast of the United States.
- Republicans, who are unashamedly in favor of drilling for oil in any and all parts of the United States, sent a demolition squad to blow up the Deepwater Horizon rig, figuring they would somehow come up with a plan that would blame President Obama for the disaster.