dimercaprol

(redirected from British anti-lewisite)
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dimercaprol

[¦dī·mər′ka‚prōl]
(pharmacology)
C3H8OS22,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol, a colorless, water-soluble oily liquid with a mercaptanlike odor; used as an antidote for arsenic, gold, and mercury poisoning. Also known as British antilewisite (BAL).
References in periodicals archive ?
Agiz yoluyla civa tuzu alindi ise; British anti-Lewisite (Bal, dimerkaprol) yetiskin ve cocukta 3-5 mg/kg, kas icine, 2 gun sureyle hastanin belirtileri gerileyinceye kadar 4 saatte bir, sonrasinda 7-10 gun boyunc a 12 saatte bir verilir (22,25-29).
Several drugs are used in the treatment of lead poisoning, including edetate disodium calcium (CaEDTA), dimercaperol (British anti-Lewisite), D-penicillamine, and meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (succimer).
The treatment of acute lead toxicity with intravenous EDTA, as used in this case, remains the standard method for managing lead toxicity; the addition of British anti-Lewisite (BAL or dimercaprol) is recommended at very high levels of exposure (i.e., blood lead levels [is greater than] 100 [micro]g/dL) to avoid exacerbation of central nervous system toxicity that may result from transient redistribution of lead to the brain during EDTA chelation.

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