Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
You'd think the Golden Age of biopics would've been the time when you had to go to a library or lug heavy volumes of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica to find out the details of famous lives -- yet in fact, with a few exceptions, Hollywood's never been as enamoured of true stories as it is now.
Three Rival Versions considers the ninth edition of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica as a unified expression, the development of modern neo-Thomism, and Nietzsche's provocatively destructive analyses.
In ensuring a British victory, Nelson not only prevented France's Emperor Napoleon from invading Britain with his 130,000-man "Grande Army,'' Nelson also ensured a "Pax Brittanica,'' in which British naval supremacy, which would last for the next 100 years, gave Europe, and much of the British Empire, a measure of stability not previously enjoyed.
William Gibson, ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITTANICA, http://www.
The second prize of USD 3,000 was presented to Mal Kafafi and Jan Boddenberg (Germany) by t-MBA organization consultant and Brittanica International Business Development Director Lady Kennard, and the students' teacher Rudolf Keiser.
The positions of "oolly" and the word that preceded it had been transposed at the expense of alphabetical order, a mistake, comparable, I would think, to the Encyclopedia Brittanica inadvertently omitting an entry on the Duke of Wellington.
See Pax Romana Definition, BRITTANICA ACADEMIC EDITION, http://www.
During the era of Pax Brittanica, the Royal Navy's global dominance came to define "blue water" capability.
When it comes to communication, he tells us, millennial view all information as being equal, making Wikipedia as credible a source as the Encyclopedia Brittanica.
Robert Maynard Hutchins (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Brittanica, 1952), 369-71.
Farewell the Trumpets is the final volume in Morris's Pax Brittanica trilogy.
Webber became the Greek publishing rep for such diverse brands as Disney and the Encyclopaedia Brittanica, and also found himself tasked with turning Kingfisher's massive output into Greek.