Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
If your parents were well off then you might have had a set of the Encyclopedia Brittanica on your shelf, but otherwise it was shoes and coat on and off to the library.
If the Medici Bank defined the Florentine Renaissance, Barings and Hambors the apogee of Victorian Pax Brittanica, Morgan Guaranty Trust, Chase Manhattan and Citicorp the postwar New York money centre banking thrust, Goldman Sachs defines twenty first century global capitalism, the epic nexus of money and power.
4) Editors of Encyclopaedia Brittanica, "Annales School: School of History" (https://www.
com/biography/Martin-Luther-King-Jr) according to Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
The two-nation theory meant that under pax Brittanica during the first half of the twentieth century, the Indian subcontinent was home to two major nations Hindus and Muslims.
The Imperial Edict1839 was the beginning of a series of reforms aimed at modernizing the empire on Western lines , which came to be known as Tanzimat , Turkish for reorganization ( Encyclopedia Brittanica , 2014).
Walter Bagehot, Encyclopedia Brittanica Online Acad.
You'd think the Golden Age of biopics would've been the time when you had to go to a library or lug heavy volumes of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica to find out the details of famous lives -- yet in fact, with a few exceptions, Hollywood's never been as enamoured of true stories as it is now.
Three Rival Versions considers the ninth edition of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica as a unified expression, the development of modern neo-Thomism, and Nietzsche's provocatively destructive analyses.
Gale Info Trac, Brittanica, bases de datos variadas y se va a ampliar con EBSCO .
By the same token, it was inconceivable that the United Provinces, which was the centre of the Muslim empire and the heartland of their power base, should have been home to a mere fourteen per cent of Muslim population, even after 90 years of pax Brittanica.