broccoli(redirected from Broccli)
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broccoli (brŏkˈəlē) [Ital.,=sprouts], variety of cabbage grown for the edible immature flower panicles. It is the same variety (Brassica oleracea botrytis) as the cauliflower and is similarly cultivated. Although known to the Romans, it became generally popular in the United States only in the 20th cent. Broccoli is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales (or Brassicales), family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae).
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Helps prevent cancer, protects heart and circulatory system, builds strong bones, high vitamin A and C, calcium. What we normally call “broccoli”, is actually the top portion with unopened flower buds. If we let them grow, they open into small yellow flowers that have a mild spicy broccoli flavor and are delicious in salads. One way to identify a plant from the mustard family (all of which are edible) is the flowers have 4 petals with 6 stamens–4 tall and 2 short.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
Brassica oleracea var. italica. A biennial crucifer of the order Capparales which is grown for its edible stalks and buds.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a cultivated variety of cabbage, Brassica oleracea italica, having branched greenish flower heads
2. the flower head of this plant, eaten as a vegetable before the buds have opened
3. a variety of this plant that does not form a head, whose stalks are eaten as a vegetable
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005