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an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.


Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
One hundred and forty Ross B308 male broilers from 21 to 49 days of age were used.
28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- New scientific trial data from Cargill's animal nutrition business revealed that its Proviox Breeder additive, a special blend of antioxidants, can help customers improve their broiler performance and increase profits up to $1.
At 80% similarity, 1 cluster was of mixed origin, containing 6 isolates from feed and broilers (2008).
The NFU has produced its own film, featuring a Norfolk broiler farm, to show that UK birds are raised in line with leading welfare standards.
But chain-driven burger broilers account for just 4 percent of that pollution, emitting just a half-ton of particulates a day.
A comparison between a nutrient profile from guinea fowl and broiler from literature values is presented in Table 4.
A wealth of different broiler growing systems have evolved, within Europe, ranging from alternative indoor growing systems with enriched environment at reduced stocking densities to alternative diets, free range and organic birds.
in broilers in Norway after implementation of an action plan.
Table 2 shows the proximate composition of the blends and soybean meal used for nutrient digestibility by broilers.
The diets were formulated (Table 1) to meet the requirements of broilers as established by the NRC (1994) [23].
Wholesale broiler prices in September 2010 topped 13 yuan ($1.
Charles Bourns, who has been poultry board chairman since 2003, was re-elected for a further two years and all three vice chairmen were re-elected - Duncan Priestner as vice chairman for eggs, Mike Bailey as vice chairman for turkeys, and Nigel Joice as vice chairman for broilers.