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an eating chicken 60 days old (liveweight 1.4-1.6 kg). The meat is tender and juicy, with a small quantity of fat; the dietary properties are higher than those of the adult fowl. Meat and egg-laying breeds, pure meat breeds, and specialized meat lines of these breeds are principally used for producing broilers. Most successful are hybrids obtained by crossbreeding meat lines selected for rapidity of growth, quickness of feathering, meat formation, and high fodder return. Production of broilers is most profitable on large, specialized farms.

The technological process in a broiler farm begins on the reproduction farm, where crossbreeding is conducted, and year-round production of hybrid eggs for incubation is organized. From the incubation department, the 24-hour-old chicks enter the broiler-raising department, and some enter the department of “reserve” chick raising. The broilers are raised in spacious mechanized poultry houses on a deep litter or in cages and are not let out to range. They are fed dry fodder mixes. The broilers are killed in the processing department. The production capacity of the departments is designed for continuous-operation production and for constant production throughout all seasons of the year.

The broiler industry is developed in the USA, England, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In the USSR broiler farms have been created with a productivity of 2-3 million broilers per year, for example, the Krasnyi Sovkhoz in the Crimean Oblast, the Be-rezovskoe broiler farm in Krasnoiarsk Krai, and the Zagorsk broiler farm in Moscow Oblast.


Bogdanov, M. N., and N. Sh. Iofe. Vyrashchivanie miasnykh tsypliat. Moscow, 1961.
Proizvodstvo broilerov za rubezhom. Moscow, 1962.
Tereshchenko, V. I. Ekonomika i organizatsiia proizvodstva broilerov v SShA. Kiev, 1965.
Belov, L. M., V. F. Marchik, and V. N. Tiutiunnikov. Proizvodstvo broilerov v sovkhoze “Krasnyi.” Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Broilers showed varying, generally, greater AME values than cockerels (Bourdillon et al.
2011) reported that Thr requirements for weight gain are higher in broilers fed on CP-rich diets than in those fed on low CP diets.
Moreover, seasonality of infections in humans (11) and broiler chicken flocks (3,4,12,13) is similar in northern climates; prevalence peaks during the summer, as does abundance of flies (11,14).
At 42 days old, after fasting for 6h, eight broilers per treatment, with weights corresponding to the mean of the group [+ or -] 100 g, were identified and killed by cervical dislocation followed by exsanguination, scalding (water at 60[degrees]C for 3 min.
With a comprehensive assessment of the meat qualities of the broiler chickens "Cobb-500" according to the methods of the FNC "VNITIP" RAS, master classes were held on anatomical cutting of carcasses and tasting of broiler meat.
Pinol said he has received reports that farm-gate price of chicken, particularly for broiler, has sustained its growth in the previous months resulting in a brighter prospect of profitability for the sector this December.
There are 213 poultry farms registered with Animal Husbandry Department of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), capacity ranging from 1000 to 4000 rearing broilers and layers in the district.