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Broken Hill,city (1991 pop. 23,263), New South Wales, SE Australia, near the South Australia border. Since 1883 it has been a principal center of zinc and silver mining in Australia.
(modern name, Kabwe), a city in Zambia in the vicinity of which the skeletal remains of a petrified man were found in 1921. A large skull was found which displayed a number of primitive characteristics (a substantial ridge above the eyes, a receding forehead, a large facial area). The size of the brain was small (1,280 cu cm). The Broken Hill Man (also called Rhodesian Man) is considered palaeoanthropic, although certain of his traits are those of Homo pithecanthropus. The hypothesis is that the Broken Hill Man lived during a relatively late period of time, perhaps even contemporaneously with the earliest representatives of Upper Paleolithic people of modern physical type. Most scholars feel that he is not a direct link in the evolution of man.
REFERENCESNesturkh, M. F. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1958.
Roginskii, Ia. Ia. “Vneevropeiskie paleoantropy.” In Iskopaemyegominidy i proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)