Broneer, Oscar

Broneer, Oscar (Theodore)

(1894–1992) archaeologist; born in Backebo, Sweden. In 1913, he emigrated to the United States where he earned his Ph.D. in 1931. Fittingly, his dissertation was a study of the Roman Odeum at Corinth. A professor of archaeology at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens (1940–52), and at the University of Chicago (1949–60), he spent much of his career at Corinth and his study of Corinthian terracotta lamps produced the first systematic typology of ancient terracotta lamps. He is best known for his work at the important Panhellenic Sanctuary of Isthmia, where he found the temple of Poseidon on the first day of excavation (1952), and was field director (1952–67); he remained closely connected with the site and its museum until his death in his 98th year.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.