Bronislaw Ewzebiusz Wesolowski

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wesołowski, Bronislaw Ewzebiusz


(party pseudonyms: Smutny and Jan of Kiev). Born Aug. 14, 1870, in the village of Fawory, Rawa District; died Jan. 2, 1919, near the village of Wiliny-Ruś, Mazowsze District. Figure in the Polish and Russian revolutionary movement.

Wesołowski graduated from the Polytechnical Institute in Zürich. He took part in drawing up the draft of the program adopted in Warsaw in 1894 at the First Congress of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1904 he settled in Kiev, where he participated in the work of the RSDLP. In the summer of 1905 he returned clandestinely to Warsaw, became secretary of the Warsaw Committee of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPL), and was one of the leaders of this party. In 1907 he attended the Fifth Congress of the RSDLP, at which he and the whole delegation of the SDKPL supported the Bolsheviks headed by V. I. Lenin. Wesołowski spent about 20 years in prisons and at forced labor for his revolutionary activity. In February 1917 he came to Petrograd from Enisei Province; from the spring of 1917 to November 1917 he worked in the secretariat of the Central Committee of the RSDLP (Bolshevik) and held executive jobs in the Au- Russian Central Executive Committee and the Supreme Tribunal. In December 1918 he went to Poland as chief of the Red Cross delegation for negotiations on exchanging prisoners of war. He was brutally murdered together with the members of the delegation upon orders of the Polish bourgeois and landlord authorities.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.