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Bronx, the

Bronx, the, borough of New York City, coextensive with Bronx co. (2020 pop. 1,472,654), land area 42 sq mi (106 sq km), SE N.Y. The name comes from Jonas Bronck, who purchased the land from Native Americans in 1639. New York City acquired the Bronx, which had been the lower portion of Westchester co., in two stages in 1874 and 1895. With the consolidation of New York City in 1898 it became a separate borough; the county was not organized until 1914. The only mainland borough of New York City, it comprises the southern part of a peninsula bordered on the W by the Hudson River, on the SW by the Harlem River (which separates it from Manhattan), on the S by the East River, and on the E by Long Island Sound. Among the many bridges linking the borough to Manhattan and Queens are the Henry Hudson, the Robert F. Kennedy (formerly Triborough), the Bronx-Whitestone, and the Throgs Neck. The borough is also connected to Manhattan by subway lines. With the extension of mass transit to the Bronx in the early 20th cent. the population of the sparsely settled area rapidly increased, becoming home to many immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. After World War II, African-American and Hispanic residents became the majority, and there are growing African and Caribbean communities. The declining local economy led to a deterioration of housing, and the term “South Bronx” became synonymous with urban blight. Attempts at renovation have been successful in many neighborhoods that had been abandoned for much of the 1970s and 1980s. Although the Bronx is no longer an extensive shipping, warehouse, and factory center, the Hunts Point Terminal Market is the major wholesale produce center for New York City. Large areas of the borough are set aside for parks, notably Bronx Park, with the New York Zoological Park (Bronx Zoo) and the New York Botanical Garden; Van Cortlandt Park, and Pelham Bay Park, with Orchard Beach on Long Island Sound. Among the institutions of higher learning in the Bronx are Fordham Univ., Manhattan College, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva Univ., the New York State Maritime College, and Herbert H. Lehman College of the City Univ. of New York. Other points of interest are Yankee Stadium (1923) and the Edgar Allan Poe cottage (1812).


See L. Ultan, The Beautiful Bronx (1982); L. Ultan and G. Hermalyn, The Bronx in the Innocent Years (1985); E. Gonzalez et al., Building a Borough (1986).


Bronx, river, c.20 mi (30 km) long, issuing from Kensico Reservoir, SE N.Y., and flowing SW through the Bronx into the East River. The Bronx River Parkway, one of the first limited-access highways in the New York City area, parallels a portion of the river.
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the. a borough of New York City, on the mainland, separated from Manhattan by the Harlem River. Pop.: 1 363 198 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Until there are young people moving in droves to the Bronx, the demand for certain retail simply does not exist.
Although other large New York development firms have mostly avoided investing in retail projects in the Bronx, the Related Companies sees multiple opportunities in the borough.
Related has only finished one major retail project in the Bronx, the Hub Retail and Office Center.
Nobody cared what we need." In the Bronx, the city made a conscious effort to avoid this kind of callous disregard.
In the Bronx, the CDCs were always right around the corner--or even down the hall--and they kept an iron hand on the buildings they managed.
Despite the radical nature of building class-A office space in the Bronx, the first building was leased almost immediately.
Serrano, $5,000 from Con Edison, and in-kind contributions by Sustainable South Bronx, the Point Community Development Corporation and the Pratt Center for Community Development.
Located off the Hutchinson River Parkway in the Pelham Bay section of the Bronx, the Towers at Hutchinson Metro Center is accessible to major highways including the Hutchinson River Parkway, 1-95, Bronx River Parkway, New York State Thruway and the Cross Bronx Expressway.
and underwritten by Merrill Lynch has closed for development of what was previously a parking lot at 1471-1439 Ogden Avenue in the Bronx, the third in a series of three parcels involved in the transactions, according to Mitchell Draizin, Longview president.
The venue, with more than 12 booths, featured handball games like box ball and "Kings and Queens," baseball card flipping, park board games, and audio-visuals from The Bronx Historical Society, Back In The Bronx, The Bronx Walk of Fame, The New York Yankees, and The Yes Network.
For The Bronx, the only New York City borough that does not have an enclosed mall, the project will also result in the borough retaining millions of dollars in retail sales that are now lost to other areas.
Headquartered at 4377 Bronx Boulevard in The Bronx, the new firm will pursue private and public opportunities in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, according to a company spokesperson.