Brook Farm


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Brook Farm

Brook Farm, 1841–47, an experimental farm at West Roxbury, Mass., based on cooperative living. Founded by George Ripley, a Unitarian minister, the farm was initially financed by a joint-stock company with 24 shares of stock at $500 per share. Each member was to take part in the manual labor in an attempt to make the group self-sufficient. Intellectual life was stimulating, with such members as Nathaniel Hawthorne, John S. Dwight, Charles A. Dana, and Isaac Hecker, and such visitors as Ralph Waldo Emerson, W. E. Channing, Margaret Fuller, Horace Greeley, and Orestes Brownson. Brook Farm was mainly an outgrowth of Unitarianism, although most of the members had left that church and were advocates of the literary and philosophical movement known as transcendentalism. Economically, the community's excellent school was the most successful part of the venture (anticipating John Dewey's progressive-education ideas of learning from experience); agriculture showed little profit because of the sandy soil and the inexperience of the farmers. The popularity of the doctrines of Charles Fourier led, especially through the efforts of Albert Brisbane, to Brook Farm's conversion to a phalanx in 1844. The group, however, did not long survive the financial disaster of the burning (1846) of the uncompleted central building. The Harbinger (1845–49), printed at Brook Farm and edited by Ripley, was rather a Fourierist weekly newspaper than the organ of Brook Farm and was continued in New York City with Parke Godwin as editor after 1847.

Bibliography

See E. R. Curtis, A Season in Utopia (1961, repr. 1971).

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Brook Farm

literary, socialist commune intended to be small utopia (1841–1846). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 63]
See: Utopia
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet the exact rate, scale, and means by which Fourierist innovations might effect change across humanity was a subject of dissent at Brook Farm, and the issue would re-surface among Brook Farm alumni in the 1870s--albeit, in an unlikely venue.
It is adjacent to 130-acre Crystal Brook Farm, which is under an agricultural preservation restriction, and the land trust's 17-acre Allenwood Conservation Area.
Sunrise on Salmon Brook Farm in the winter.--Lavinia and Rick Ross, Oregon
The Brook Farm Institute Of Agriculture And Education
Marilyn Michaud interprets the short-lived Brook Farm (1841-1847) as an example of pessimism in 1820s America as to how the Republic was unfolding.
The offers, described by Hilary Wharf of the HS2 Action Alliance as "derisory", are for residents living within 60 metres of the proposed track, but McMahon's Horsley Brook Farm will be dealt with as a business.
Cows with calves at foot: British Blue pounds 1750, Copperthorns, Blonde D'Aquitaine pounds 1680 Elsdonburn, Simmental pounds 1380 Brampton Fell Farm, Limousin pounds 1350, Wrea Brook Farm, Hereford pounds 1280, Wrea Brook Farm, Aberdeen Angus pounds 1220, Linton Wold Farm.
FOR 17 years Lichfield-based trainer Ed McMahon and his father Bryan have been training horses at Horsley Brook Farm.
The road was shut in both directions for several hours after the crash near Flintshire Council's Brook Farm, just after 1.30pm yesterday.
At a meeting on Wednesday, councillors refused temporary planning permission at Brook Farm in Marden due to the scale of the development and its impact on local amenities.
Exploring the interpretive aspects of the profession, he looks at contributions by Ferdinand de Saussure and Charles Sanders Peirce, post-structuralism and post-processual archaeology, Brook Farm and the architecture of Utopia, and other topics.