Brosset, Marie Ivanovich
Born Jan. 24, 1802, in Paris; died Sept. 3, 1880, in Châtellerault, France. French Orientalist, linguist, and historian.
Brosset moved to Russia in the 1830’s, where he became an academician at the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1838). He was the first in Russia to deliver lectures on the history of Georgia and Armenia, at St. Petersburg University in the 1840’s. In 1864 he became director of the numismatics office at the Hermitage. Brosset occupied a prominent position in Georgian and Armenian historiography as a commentator, editor, and translator of rare manuscripts written in the Georgian and Armenian languages, mainly from the Middle Ages. He published works on the history of Georgia and Armenia in the French language, such as Chronicle of Georgia (Kkarthlis Tshovreba), Geography of Georgia, and Accounts of an Archaeological Expedition in Georgia and Armenia. Brosset’s scholarly activity helped to popularize the history of Georgia and Armenia and to broaden the base of its source materials.
WORKSRuines d’ Ani aux X et XI siècles, vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1860-61.
Rapports sur un voyage archéologique dans la Géorgie et dans l’Arménie. St. Petersburg, 1849-51.
REFERENCESMarr, N. “K stoletiiu so dnia rozhdeniia M. Brosse.” In the collection Zapiski vostochnogo otdeleniia imperatorskogo Russkogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva, vol. 14, issue 4. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Istoriia istoricheskoi nauki v SSSR: Dooktiabr’ skii period: Bibliografía. Moscow, 1965.
Brosset, L. Bibliographie analytique des ouvrages de M. F. Brosset, 1824-1879. St. Petersburg, 1887.
O. P. MARKOVA