Broussel, Pierre

Broussel, Pierre

(pyĕr bro͞osĕl`), c.1575–1654, councillor of the Parlement of Paris under Louis XIII and Louis XIV. His opposition to the tax program proposed by Cardinal MazarinMazarin, Jules
, 1602–61, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Italy. His original name was Giulio Mazarini. After serving in the papal army and diplomatic service and as nuncio at the French court (1634–36), he entered the service of France
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 made him popular. The uprising after his arrest in 1648 caused his early release and was the start of the first FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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. In July, 1652, the Parisians chose him provost of the merchants, i.e., virtual mayor. He resigned in September in order to facilitate the reconciliation between the rebels and the court, and he died in obscurity.
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