James Brown

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Brown, James,

1933–2006, African-American rhythm-and-blues singer known as the "godfather of soul," b. Barnwell, S.C., as James Joe Brown, Jr. Abandoned by his parents, he left school in the seventh grade and turned to petty crime. After three years in reform school, Brown joined (1952) the Gospel Starlighters, which soon became the Famous Flames, the group with which he recorded his first hit, Please, Please, Please (1956). With his soulful, gravel-voiced, gospel-inflected singing style and spectacular stage presence—often screaming (on key) and dancing acrobatically—Brown was a true innovator of rhythm and blues and funk, recording such hit singles as I Got You (I Feel Good) (1965), It's a Man's, Man's, Man's World (1966), the Black Pride anthem Say It Loud (1968), and many albums, e.g., Live at the Apollo (1963) and The Payback (1974). He again hit the top of the charts with his Grammy-winning album Living in America (1985). Jailed (1988) on drug and gun charges, he was released in 1991 and resumed an active singing and recording career. Brown's vocal style has had a great influence on musicians from Elvis Presley to Michael Jackson, the Rolling Stones, and hip-hop artists. The recipient of many music awards, in 1986 Brown was one of the original inductees of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.


See his The Godfather of Soul (1986) and I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul (2005); biographies by RJ Smith (2012) and J. McBride (2016).

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Brown, James

(1791–1877) banker; born in Ireland (son of Alexander Brown). He arrived in Baltimore, Md. in 1802 and in 1825 established the New York City branch of his father's firm, Brown Brothers & Company. He guided the banking house through financial crises (1837, 1857) and the Civil War. He gave generously to local institutions and was one of the founders of Presbyterian Hospital. The mayor of New York City ordered all flags on public buildings to fly at half-mast at his death.

Brown, James

(1928–  ) musician; born in Barnwell, S.C. One of the most significant figures in black pop music, he began his singing career in Macon, Ga., with the Gospel Starlighters. In 1954, he formed a vocal group, the Famous Flames, with whom he recorded his first "cry" ballads, "Please, Please, Please" (1956) and "Try Me" (1958). Combining gospel and blues roots with a stage presentation that mixed calculated hysteria and absolute musical precision, he emerged by 1962 as the leading star in rhythm and blues and one of its key innovators. His nicknames included "the Hardest Working Man in Show Business" and "Soul Brother Number One." During the late 1960s, his ambiguous racial politics made him an emblematic figure for both moderate and radical movements. His 1968 recording, "Say It Loud, I'm Black and I'm Proud," became an anthem of the Black Power movement. By the early 1970s, he had become one of the first black entertainers to assume complete control of his own career, and this remains an enduring aspect of his legacy. In 1986, he was an inaugural member of the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame. The following year, his recording "Living in America" won a Grammy for best rhythm & blues performance. In 1988 he was jailed for three years on charges that included aggravated assault. Upon his release in 1991, he resumed his career as a leading concert and recording artist.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 42 members of the class of 2016 include Vincent Austin, Conor Barber, Lawson Brown, James Brummett, Abigail Cauthon, Christopher Deck, Gabriel Dickson, Caroline Feig, Zackery Flanagan, Lily Fleming, Daniel Gayosso, Etasha Golden, Nicholas Grant-Grierson, Alexis Heasley, Daniel Hornych, Hannah Houck, Gregory Jones, Ira Jones, James King, Eric Land, Michaela Lee, Sierra Lundy, Clover McCabe-Delap, Lacey McDaniel Brittany Monroe, Michael Mordecai, Wyatt Norwood, Elijah Nunez, Devontae Otness, Forrest Rosser, Jacqueline Shepherd, Eston Smith, Wesley Smith, Wei Su, Zoe Thomas, Dyllan Thompson, Jordan Town, Chance Tyler, Brilea Wages, Holland Wells, Casey Wittmier and Ryann Wylie.
Rodney Brown, James McLaughlin and Brad Lyons were all on target for the Bannmen, before the Reds, who slip to fourth, replied through Davy McDaid in added time.
REPS: Ifan Phillips, Robert Lewis, Leon Brown, James Ratti, Morgan Sieniawski, Declan Smith, Billy McBryde, Joe Gage.
More mess play for above, left to right, Lydia Davison and Sienna Martin, as well as Har-|rison Brown, James Brodrick and Maxi-Ray Lawson, pictured left
In the first half it was played, in my opinion, like a first game in the pre-season and I don't want to see that." Boro: (3-5-2) James Wren; Gavin Cowan Gaz Dean, Theo Streete; Jorrin John, Adam Walker, Anton Brown, James Armson, Adam Mekki; Hernan Zanni, Pablo Piyuka.
Enjoy this endless running game that features LINE's popular characters such as Cony, Brown, James, Moon, and many others.
Cardiff Devils: Giacomo Raffaelli, Joe Morris, Louis Lockwood, Stephen Deacon, Jason Stone, Owen James Griffiths, Christopher Hart, Ben Brown, James Preece, Jordan Powell, David Sadler, Jamie Hayes, Jack Randall, Gareth Dixon (capt), Michael Brabon (nm), Luke Takel (nm), Trent Hope, Robert Sedlak, Callum Buglass, Philip Manny, Kieran Latchford, Josh Haslam.
The Heed rode their luck but upped the ante after the break and, after chances for James Brown, James Marwood and Josh Walker Josh Brizzell alomost levelled with a curling free -kick.
Brown, now a non-executive director at Aberdeen, reckons Strachan will have a dilemma for the challenge match against England at Wembley on August 14 when many of his top players such as Gary Caldwell, Scott Brown, James Forrest and Steven Fletcher could be back.
The Scots have been hit with six call-offs ahead of Friday's World Cup qualifier after Scott Brown, James Forrest, Lee Wallace, Danny Fox, Gary Caldwell and Liam Bridcutt were all forced to pull out of the trip to Zagreb.
Groomsmen were Andrew Vowell Brown, James Williams Guest, John Robertson Nichols, Jonas Quitman Outlaw, Patrick Martin White, and Joseph Harmon Willis.
And that makes it even more exciting, doesn't it?" Scott Brown, James Forrest and Andy Webster did not train with the rest of the squad yesterday before their arrival in Wales.