Brown Swiss

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Brown Swiss


(also Schwyz), a breed of dairy and beef cattle. The breed was developed in Switzerland through the long-term selection of descendants of Shorthorn cattle brought there in ancient times. The animals are light gray to dark brown. A characteristic feature is the light coloring around the dark gray nose. The coloration is lighter along the upper torso, from the withers to the tail head. The males weigh 800–950 kg, sometimes reaching 1,200 kg; the females weigh 550–600 kg, sometimes reaching 800 kg. Calves raised for meat weigh 260–300 kg at the age of one year. The milk yield is 4,000–4,500 kg, with the most efficient cows producing more than 10,000 kg. The fat content of the milk is 3.7–3.8 percent.

The Brown Swiss was first imported into Russia in the mid-19th century to improve local breeds. In the USSR, it is bred for both milk and meat. By crossing local cattle from various regions with the Brown Swiss and by reproducing the crosses, large groups of brown cattle were developed that later became the basis for various indigenous breeds, such as the Kostroma, Alatau, Lebedin, and Caucasian Brown cattle.

The Brown Swiss is bred in the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, Austria, Italy, France, Spain, and Czechoslovakia, in the countries of North and South America, and in southern Africa. In the USSR it is bred in the central part of the RSFSR and in the Northern Caucasus.


Vsiakikh, A. S. Shvitskaia poroda i melody ee sovershenstvovaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Skotovodstvo. Edited by E. A. Arzumanian. Moscow, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
However, there are no Mexican studies comparing the reproductive performance of pure Holstein and Brown Swiss cows with their F1 reciprocal crosses.
In Fleckvieh and Brown Swiss breeds, both genes are similarly associated with milk production and total solids, showing greater influence of both genes in Fleckvieh, up to 7.
Growth and development characteristics of brown Swiss and Holstein calves fed concentrated feed at different levels.
Se evidenciaron valores que oscilaron entre 3,2 y 3,3% para los primeros 150 dias de lactancia, superiores a los 2,7% y 2,7% en promedio por lactancia para la raza Holstein y Normando o los 2,8 a 2,9% en vacas Holstein, Brown Swiss, Normando y sus cruzas (15), coincidiendo con los porcentajes 3,1 a 3,4 encontrados para la raza Holstein (2,10,16).
Table 1 and Table 2 indicate the reproduction parameters and significance controls between groups for Brown Swiss and Simmental breeds.
Some famous milk productive cattle breeds are Holstein Friesian, Sahiwal, Jersey, Red Sindhi, Brown Swiss, Ayrshire etc.
Caracteristicas seminales en cuatro toros (1) Holstein y Brown Swiss del Banco Nacional de Semen (Lima, Peru) Toro Volumen (ml) Concentracion (x[10.
Data on pedigree and 504 production records of 272 Brown Swiss cattle were analyzed to estimate genetic parameters with univariate and bivariate animal models.
CUTLINE: (1) Maureen Whitney, 12, from New Braintree, sits with a brown Swiss calf in the cattle barn at the Spencer Fair yesterday.
The festivities include the Swiss Colony Cheese Days Parade, a procession of Swiss descendants, dressed in traditional Swiss canton (state) costumes, escorting a small herd of Brown Swiss milk cows adorned with clanging cowbells and followed by Swiss flag throwers, Swiss singers and Swiss dancers, all ushering the king, queen and ambassadors.
Brown Swiss The Brown Swiss was developed in Switzerland, and is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of dairy cattle.
2002b), is a hereditary defect that is described as occurring in Brown Swiss cattle (GEORGES et al.