film camera

(redirected from Brownie camera)

film camera

A camera that exposes photographic film to light in order to take a picture. Used since the late 1800s, the film is a chemical emulsion on a plastic substrate that is sensitive to light. When exposed, an analogous image of the scene is created within the chemical layer of the material (see film). All film cameras are analog cameras (see analog).

Film-based still cameras have been made for a variety of film types including 35mm, Advantix, 120, 220 and the larger 4x5 and 8x10 formats. Film movie cameras capture consecutive images (frames) on 8mm, 16mm and 35mm film. Contrast with digital camera. See cine.

Analog and Digital
Canon's popular analog Elph (bottom) used Advantix film. The digital Elph (top) added the huge advantage of instant playback. See Advanced Photo System.

You Have to Wind Analog Film
With the back opened, the film roll is inserted into the chamber, and the film leader is pulled out and inserted into the take-up slot. After the back is closed, the winder is pushed a couple times to draw the film around the take-up reel.

Now in Flea Markets
Analog film cameras are commonly found in flea markets where this was taken. At the top are single lens reflex cameras with interchangeable lenses. However, as of 2021, Nikon and Leica were still making a 35mm analog camera.

Model 3 Brownie Box Camera (1919)
Eastman Kodak sold millions of roll film Brownies from 1900 to the early 1960s. The manual advised "holding your breath" to take the picture. After pressing "flash paper" onto the lighting tray (top right), it burst into flames when a lit match was placed near the hole in the back.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Common use of the basic Box Brownie camera and Kodak film in the pre-digital age, and then printed in the dark room, brought back memories to most and outstanding results had been obtained by obviously skilled photographers using their own know-how and techniques.
"I started off with a [Kodak] Box Brownie camera, and what I did then was I would take the film to the chemist to be processed.
There are a beautiful array of antiques -- an old buffet, a library table with a wrought iron base, an old Kodak Brownie camera, even a designer birdhouse in a bay window occupied by collectible of Gross and Gloria Cummins ...
I acquired his box brownie camera and used it to take many photos to make a record of what we were doing.
Maganbhai Patel - better known as Masterji - moved from Surat in India to Coventry in 1951 with little more than a box brownie camera.
Simple pleasures but memories forever of a childhood spent outdoors and recorded on mam's Brownie camera.
He usually had an old-fashioned Box Brownie camera slung round his neck.
Key pieces in the museum's massive collection include the full-plate daguerreotype camera, the first camera manufactured in quantity; the hand-held Kodak camera, the first successful camera to use roll film; the Edison Kinetoscope, the first motion picture device to use flexible film; the Brownie camera, which brought photography to the general public; and the Lunar Orbiter Payload camera, which photographed potential landing sites for Apollo missions.
His daughter took out a picture of the corporal - taken on Alf's Kodak Brownie camera - and discovered Bill had written his address on the back.
When Geoffrey was 13, he was given a Kodak No 2 Box Brownie camera, which started him on the road to a career as a professional photographer.
At the same time Malfatti and Amaral were exploring European modernist painting, a teenage Eva Besnyo was looking through the lens of a Brownie camera in her native Hungary, developing a modernist eye.