Williams appeared as the model of a troublesome man who labored for freedom of religion and against persecution, but he was one who "if he had never dabbled in Divinity, he would have been esteemed a great and useful Man." (88) Having observed Neal's opinion of English Baptists in The History of the Puritans, it is surprising that he failed to identify Williams (whom he regarded as a "rigid Brownist
, precise, uncharitable, and of such turbulent and boisterous Passions, as had like to have put the whole Country to Flame") as a Baptist.
However, Paget did refer to Smyth dismissively in his Arrow against the Separation of the Brownists
(1618)., (104) More generally, Paget preached against Anabaptism, wrote against it, and when members strayed to Anabaptist churches, severely disciplined them.
(16) To the charge that official (Church of England) Protestantism is literally out of place in Illyria, one must also explain the references to Puritans and Brownists
(3.2.31), which are also distinctively English.
The distinction which Burnet drew between the moderate Dissenters (religious descendants of the Puritans) and the separatist Dissenters (in the Brownist
tradition) provides us with the key to the Latitudinarians' objection to the bill against occasional conformity.
White, The English Separatist Tradition: From the Marian Martyrs to the Pilgrim Fathers (London: Oxford University Press, 1971); and Verne Dale Morey, The Brownist
Churches: A Study in English Separatism, 1553-1630 (unpublished Ph.D.
(52.) The Engagement Between the King and the Scots (1647), for example, called for the suppression of all "Anti-Trinitarians, Anabaptists, Antinomians, Arminians, Familists, Brownists
, Separatists, Independents, Libertines, and Seekers," as well as "all blasphemy, heresy, schism, and all such scandalous doctrines and practices as are contrary to the light of nature, or to the known principles of Christianity."
(88) New England Calvinists--variously called Puritans, Pilgrims, Congregationalists, Independents, Brownists
, and Separatists--generally conceived of the church and the state as two separate covenantal associations, two seats of Godly authority in the community, each with a distinct polity and calling.
Maries et al., the defendants counter accusations of libel with the claim that the religious reformists 'gave enterteynment to one Traske a young hot headed and excommunycated Mynister', (56) that is, John Traske, who became more notorious when in London he founded the Brownists
and preached in support of the reinstitution of the Jewish sabbath.
1), which dates from 1593 (not 1592 as stated in the discussion on page 81), was essentially a measure to suppress Brownists
and Separatists, a fact to which its inclusion in the section on Puritans in G.
not once, but always so." Madness, he goes on to point out, is only "a vehement dotage," and he notes that "Brownists
, Barrowists, Familists, and those Amsterdamian sects .
In Book IV of his A Short Declaration of the Mystery of Iniquity, (26) Helwys argued the key Baptist principle while condemning the Brownists
, whom he called "false prophets." (27) While both Brownists
and Helwys criticized the Anglican Church, the Baptist leader also rejected the Brownists
, who retained infant baptism.
Also, for the separatists, see Gifford's Short Treatise against the Donatists of England whome we call Brownists
(London: Cooke, 1590), quoted at 3-4 and 101; and his criticisms of their "anabaptisticall freedom," in A Short Reply unto the last printed books of Henry Barrow and John Greenwood (London: Tobie Cooke, 1591), 18.