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city (1990 pop. 98,962), seat of Cameron co., extreme S Tex., on the Rio Grande c.17 mi (30 km) from its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico; inc. 1850. It is an important port of entry across the river from MatamorosMatamoros,
city (1990 pop. 266,055), Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, near the mouth of the Rio Grande, opposite Brownsville, Tex. Matamoros, linked by rail and highway with the United States, is an international trading center and a point of entry.
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, Mexico. A deepwater channel was dredged (1936) to accommodate ocean vessels; a land cut NE to the Brazos Santiago Pass, which bypasses the Rio Grande channel, is the southern terminus of the Intracoastal WaterwayIntracoastal Waterway,
c.3,000 mi (4,827 km) long, partly natural, partly artificial, providing sheltered passage for commercial and leisure boats along the U.S. Atlantic coast from Boston, Mass. to Key West, S Fla., and along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Apalachee Bay, NW Fla.
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. Brownsville is a trade, processing, and distribution point for the rich, irrigated lower Rio Grande valley; it has many industries connected with oil and natural gas. Other products include shrimp, electronic equipment, and aircraft and auto parts. The establishment of Fort Texas there by Gen. Zachary TaylorTaylor, Zachary
, 1784–1850, 12th President of the United States (1849–50), b. Orange co., Va. He was raised in Kentucky. Taylor joined the army in 1808, became a captain in 1810, and was promoted to major for his defense of Fort Harrison (1812) in the War of 1812.
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 in 1846 invited a Mexican attack that precipitated the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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. The fort was renamed (1846) for Major Jacob Brown, killed while commanding its defense. Active until 1944, Fort Brown was held briefly by Union forces in the Civil War. The town of Brownsville grew around the fort and was a cattle-shipping point in the late 19th cent. In 1906 a group of African-American soldiers stationed at Fort Brown were blamed for a night gun raid on the town that resulted in an innocent civilian's death. President Theodore Roosevelt, in a highly controversial directive, ordered the dishonorable discharge of 167 of the soldiers. In 1972 the secretary of the army reversed that order. Brownsville has an international airport, and a zoo. Nearby recreation areas include Padre Island National Seashore (see under Padre IslandPadre Island
, low, sandy island, c.115 mi (185 km) long, less than 3 mi (4.8 km) wide, S Tex. It is characterized by large, irregular sand dunes, sparse vegetation, and a strong prevailing wind off the Gulf of Mexico.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Brownsville is a neighbourhood that has struggled with gun violence.
In top-ranked Brownsville, that figure improves by about 26 percent to once every 13.6 years.
Southwest Key officials held a conference call Monday with Texas Education Agency officials and Brownsville ISD educators to start running through the details of the potential partnership, the day after The Dallas Morning News reported the nonprofit was also considering partnering with Promesa Public Schools, a charter network it founded.
Brownsville has long been regarded as one of the most vulnerable regions in the United States for outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases (6, 7).
Weaver's book The Brownsville Raid took another look at what had been until then seen only as a minor episode in the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt.
The CDC warning urged pregnant women living outside of the area to postpone any planned travel to Brownsville. Similar warnings were issued in the Miami-Dade County area of Florida, where locally acquired cases were first reported in July.
The CDC is recommending that pregnant women consider postponing travel to Brownsville.
Rio Grande LNG, a wholly owned subsidiary of NextDecade, is a multibillion-dollar land-based LNG export project located on a 1,000-acre site along the Brownsville Shipping Channel in Brownsville.
"It grew to the point where it made sense for us to enter the North American market and that's when Brownsville, Texas, came into our site selection process.
With large collection and processing facilities in Central America, Spartanburg SC, and Brownsville, TX, fabrics are deconstructed and fibers blended into a variety of custom fiber mixes that can be put back into industrial processes such as blowing, garnetting, airlay, needlepunch and spunlace.
From Eugene-Springfield, we drove north on Interstate 5 exiting at Brownsville. We traveled east through Brownsville, past Crawfordsville, turning right onto Brush Creek Road, then, after two miles, right onto West Brush Creek Road.
Brownsville Herald reports that BISD high school students will research local nonprofits, and award real grants to the ones they think are most deserving.

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