Brumaire


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Brumaire

(brümâr`), second month of the French Revolutionary calendarFrench Revolutionary calendar,
the official calendar of France, Nov. 24, 1793–Dec. 31, 1805. Its introduction was decreed by the Convention on Oct. 5, 1793, but it was computed from Sept. 22, 1792, the autumnal equinox and the day after the proclamation of the republic.
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. The coup of 18 (actually 18–19) Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), engineered chiefly by Sieyès, overthrew the DirectoryDirectory,
group of five men who held the executive power in France according to the constitution of the year III (1795) of the French Revolution. They were chosen by the new legislature, by the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients; each year one director, chosen
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 and established the ConsulateConsulate,
1799–1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), which ended the Directory. Three consuls were appointed to rule France—Napoleon Bonaparte (see Napoleon I), Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès,
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 under Napoleon. It nearly failed because of Napoleon's inept conduct at the Council of Five Hundred, but the situation was saved by his brother Lucien BonaparteBonaparte
, Ital. Buonaparte , family name of Napoleon I, emperor of the French. Parentage

Napoleon's father, Carlo Buonaparte, 1746–85, a petty Corsican nobleman, was a lawyer in Ajaccio.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
A few days later the Convention passed the infamous law of 3 brumaire IV (25 October 1795), an omnibus bill of political exclusion.
The children that the author refers to are the five generations of French men and women who reached maturity between Napoleon's Brumaire coup of 1799 and the outbreak of World War I in 1914.
Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte, which for decades has constituted one of the principal sources of consolation for all the heterodox tendencies of communism.
Karl Marx's biting take on European history, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, opens with the proposition that historical facts happen twice, "Once as tragedy, and again as farce.
That restriction under the law of 12 Brumaire year II (2 November 1793), introduced a contradiction in the new republican version of the family and nation.
The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte in Collected Works, Volume 11.
Brumaire is unhappily married to an overbearing woman; he is also the father of five unruly children.
Borrowing from Marx's The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte as elaborated in Walter Benjamin's theory of history, we may say that "the specters of history" in Fellini's Roma come back like a Freudian return of the repressed, yet all dressed up in self-parading garb.
Were he familiar with the historical lessons of Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire, he might have come up with a better and more modest plan for Camelot.
Dialectics "projects" nothing, it does not cause, affect, or alter anything--human beings (and the totality of their circumstances, environmental historical, economic, social, and so on) cause, affect, and alter their social situation, though of course, as Marx correctly observed in the Eighteenth Brumaire, not under conditions of their own choosing.