Ferdinand Brunetière

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Brunetière, Ferdinand

 

Born July 19, 1849, in Toulon; died Dec. 9, 1906, in Paris. French critic, historian, and literary theoretician.

Brunetière was an adherent of monarchy and Catholicism. Following H. Taine, he tried to bring the methods of the natural sciences, in particular the theory of C. Darwin, to bear on the history of literature (The Evolution of Genres in the History of Literature, 1890, and others). Later, in the 1890’s, Brunetière went over to an openly idealist position, explaining the literary process by the influence of one work on another, and finding the main reason for the change of literary directions and aesthetic tastes in the artistic aspirations of the creative personality (Textbook on the History of French Literature [1898] and History of French Literature of the Classical Period, vols. 1-2, 1904-12). A devotee of 17th-century French classicism, Brunetière viewed subsequent literary currents (naturalism and others) as phenomena of artistic decline.

WORKS

Études critiques sur I’histoire de la littérature française, vols 1-9. Paris, 1880-1925.
Questions de critique, 2nd ed. Paris, 1889.
In Russian translation:
Otlichitel’nyi kharakter frantsuzskoi literatury. Odessa, 1893.
Evropeiskaia literatura XIX v. Moscow, 1900.

REFERENCES

Arsen’ev, K. K. “Novaia frantsuzskaia kritika.” Vestnik Evropy, 1887, no. 6.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Curtius, E. R. F. Brunetière. Strasbourg, 1914.

V. IA. BAKHMUTSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
(6) Les textes de Brunetiere et de Lanson auxquels il est fait reference sont reproduits dans Alfred de Musset, "Memoire de la critique" (209-233).
Leroy trace ensuite le parcours de trois ecrivains dreyfusistes (Peguy, Mirbeau, Julien Benda) pour les opposer a trois << anti>>: (Maurras, Barres, Brunetiere).
O l'art de l'Etat, l'art officiel, l'art des Mazade, des Halevy, des Ohnet et des Brunetiere, gobe par les employes de ministere!
One cannot learn from Brunetiere (Etudes critiques sur l'histoire de la litterature francaise), Doumic (Histoire de la litterature francaise) or Lanson (Histoire de la litterature francaise) that Rousseau ever authored a work named Julie ou la nouvelle Heloise.
In the wealth of new studies that accompanied this anniversary, some scholars took fresh looks at individual intellectuals (Brunetiere, Jaures, Mirbeau, and Zola himself) while others revisited the collective engagement of intellectuals as one of the defining themes of the Affair.
En effet, des le discours de Victor Hugo au Pere-Lachaise en 1850 jusqu'aux travaux de Faguet, de Bourget, de Brunetiere ou de Lanson, et en passant bien sur par la controverse suscitee par la sculpture de Rodin, Balzac devient une figure centrale et incontournable de la litterature francaise, comme le montre les innombrables editions de ses oeuvres dont Roger Pierrot fait le recensement dans son article.
Varios contemporaneos de RD analizaron las relaciones entre los dos autores, entre ellos Ferdinand Brunetiere, Ernest Seilliere, Albert Fouille, Emile Faguet und Jean Bourdeau (Campioni: 108- 111).
Los reproches a reconocidos criticos literarios de su epoca (Taine, Nisard, Brunetiere y Sainte Beuve), obedecen a la supuesta deficiente percepcion y desconocimiento de ellos sobre la tematica en que ejercen su funcion como destacados jueces.
One such distinction was made by Emile Durkheim in his article "L'individualisme et les intellectuels" (1898), written in response to the literary historian and staunch anti-Dreyfusard Ferdinand Brunetiere's criticism of the supporters of the young French artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus, who was wrongfully convicted of treason.
Pourtant, selon Ferdinand Brunetiere, celui qui a le premier decrit l'experience de la memoire involontaire, ce n'est pas les membres privilegies de cette filiation, mais le "grand absent" de la Recherche--Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Buckle, Hippolyte Taine, or later Ferdinand Brunetiere, believed to have found developmental "laws" at work in history or in the psychology of literary production.
El 26 de marzo de 1906, el periodico Le Figaro, publicaba una carta suscrita por una serie de notables catolicos franceses, muchos de ellos miembros de la Academia Francesa o del Instituto de Francia, entre los que se encuentran figuras como Ferdinand Brunetiere (escritor y critico literario), Denis Cochin (escritor y diputado conservador), Georges Goyau y Paul Thureau-Dangin (historiadores), o politicos como Castelnau, vinculado al partido Action Liberale, por la que hacian un llamamiento a los obispos a aceptar la Ley.