Giordano Bruno

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Giordano Bruno
BirthplaceNola, Kingdom of Naples, in present-day Italy
Died

Bruno, Giordano

(jōrdä`nō bro͞o`nō), 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel. He taught briefly at several cities including Toulouse, Paris, Oxford, and Wittenberg, but, personally restless and in constant opposition to the traditional schools, he found no permanent post. He was particularly known for his prodigious memory, and at times taught mnemonic technique. His major metaphysical works, De la causa, principio, et uno (1584, tr. The Infinite in Giordano Bruno, 1950) and De l'infinito, universo et mondi (1584), were published in France. Further works appeared in England and Germany. Bruno also wrote satire and poetry. In 1591 he returned to Venice, where he was tried for heresy by the Inquisition. After further trial and imprisonment at Rome, he was burned to death.

Bruno challenged all dogmatism, including that of the church-sanctioned Aristotelian physics and earth-centered cosmology as well as the controversial Copernican cosmology, the main tenets of which, however, he upheld. He believed that our perception of the world is relative to the position in space and time from which we view it and that there are as many possible modes of viewing the world as there are possible positions. Therefore we cannot postulate absolute truth or any limit to the progress of knowledge. The first to enunciate what is now called the cosmic theory, he pictured the world as composed of individual elements of being, governed by fixed laws of relationship. These elements, called monads, were in constant motion, ultimate, and irreducible and were based on a pantheistic infinite principle, or cause, or Deity, manifest in us and in all the world. Bruno's influence on later philosophy, especially that of SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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 and LeibnizLeibniz or Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Baron von
, 1646–1716, German philosopher and mathematician, b. Leipzig.
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, was profound, and he is widely considered a forerunner of modern science.

Bibliography

See biography by I. D. Rowland (2008); P. H. Michel, The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno (tr. 1973); S. Drake, Copernicus—Philosophy and Science: Bruno—Kepler—Galileo (1973); F. A. Yates, Lull and Bruno (1982).

References in periodicals archive ?
FRIDAY'S But Calzaghe - who was standing in the shadows as Bruno and Lewis fought in front of 25,784 spectators - would have to wait for his glory moments.
In his career, Bruno Meyer held various management positions at Credit Suisse, mainly in the risk management and finance areas.
Bruno Mars still has a firm hold of his own identity such that when you listen to his music despite hearing 'echoes from the past' in many of his songs, you know that it is a Bruno Mars track you are listening to and only then will you be able to discern his musical influences-and it is not the other way around.
The rain exposed multiple leaks in the roof of the building, next door to Bruno's Little Italy restaurant--"think Katrina," Bruno said--and the interior, which was near completion, will have to be replas-tered and repainted, at the very least.
Brave Bruno was visiting the home of a family friend with his owner, Nicholas Jeffers, when he sneakily followed a family member out of the front door, and was hot by a car, "I was in the back of my van and thought Bruno was inside the house.
Ruedi Suter, 2015, Rainforest Hero: The Life and Death of Bruno Manser, Basel, Switzerland: Bergli Books, pp.
The Super Bowl XLVIII halftime show featuring Bruno Mars was quite a doubt-raiser from the start.
Lance Bombardier Bruno Dos Santos, from Newcastle's Kenton, is a reservist with the 204 (Tyneside Scottish) Battery.
Lance Bombardier Bruno Dos Santos, from Newcastle's Kenton, is a reservist with the 204 (Tyneside Scottish) Battery and he has been awarded the Brigade Commanders Coin for his steadfastness and professionalism during the incident.
Bruno dominated his milieu and continued his epistemic practice of a revolutionary until his death.
Bruno is a seven-year-old Staffordshire bull terrier and a total chatterbox.