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Born Apr. 28, 1900, in Leipzig. German writer (German Democratic Republic).
Apitz was born into a worker’s family. He joined the German Communist Party in 1927 and has been a member of the Union of Proletarian Revolutionary Writers since 1930. He was persecuted in Hitler’s Germany and spent eight years in the Buchenwald concentration camp. After 1945 he worked as a literary and theatrical editor in Leipzig and Berlin. His main work, the novel Naked Among Wolves (1958, Russian translation 1961), shows with autobiographical material the heroic resistance of the prisoners in a fascist concentration camp. The novel made Apitz world-famous; it has been translated into many languages. Apitz has been awarded the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic.
WORKS“Esther.” In the collection Almanach des Pen-Zentrums. [Darmstadt,] 1959.
REFERENCESSimonian, L. “Literatura preobrazovatelei zhizni.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1959, no. 10.
Zlobin, S. “Volki i liudi.” Inostrannaia literatura,1962, no. 1.
Hauptmann, H. “Das Bild des neuen Menschen in der Literatur.” Neue Deutsche Literatur,1958, no. 7.
A. V. KAREL’SKII