Bruno Bauer

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bauer, Bruno


Born Sept. 6, 1809, in Eisenberg; died Apr. 13, 1882, in Rixdorf. German philosopher. Member of the Young Hegelian group.

Bauer was a privatdocent at the universities of Berlin (1834–39) and Bonn (1839–42). Repudiating the Hegelian absolute idea, Bauer declared self-consciousness to be the absolute and considered the motive force of history to be the intellectual activity of “critical personalities.” In a number of pamphlets he presented Hegel as an atheist and a revolutionary, and he subjected the Gospels to a more radical criticism than did D. Strauss. Bauer’s subjective idealism and nationalism were criticized by Marx and Engels in their works The Holy Family and The German Ideology. After 1848, Bauer evolved toward the right, and by the end of his life he had become an advocate of the German imperial chancellor, Bismarck.


Kritik der Evangelien: Geschichte ihres Ursprungs, vols. 1–4. Berlin, 1850–52.
In Russian translation:
Trubnyi glas strashnogo suda nad Gegelem. Moscow, 1933.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 2, pp. 85–178; vol. 3, pp. 82–102; vol. 19, pp. 306–19.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most editions of The German Ideology present only a portion of Marx and Engels' text, neglecting its extensive polemics and parodies of two significant figures in mid-nineteenth century German philosophy, Bruno Bauer and Max Stirner; Barbour redresses this oversight.
Hosfeld tracks Marx's intellectual and political development through a study of his engagement with the people, ideas, and events of his time, from early exposure to the controversial theology of Bruno Bauer at the Berlin Doctor's Club to struggles near the end of his life against Bakuninists in the First International.
In 1844, Karl Marx published a short but dense text entitled "On the Jewish Question." It was a critical review of two essays by the then famous philosopher Bruno Bauer, who had argued against equal rights for Jews if granted on religious grounds.
To show how this is so, S0rensen works from the writings, books, and journals of Arnold Ruge, Bruno Bauer, Moses Hess, and Karl Marx.
Thomas provides a lucid discussion of "The Jewish Question," Marx's relationship to Bruno Bauer and Ludwig Feuerbach, the concept of alienation, the Economic and Philosophical Manuscrips, and The Holy Family, the first joint work with Engels.
He then considers their theological polemics vis-a-vis Bruno Bauer, Max Stirner, and Ludwig Feuerbach.
Brudney sets his evaluation of Marx against the background of Feuerbach's critiques of religion (chapter 1) and philosophy (chapter 2), and Bruno Bauer's paradigmatic left Hegelianism (chapter 3).
Nobody has accused Marx of advocating genocide; moreover, he did not believe that there should be discriminatory laws on the books, as did Bruno Bauer, the writer whom Marx was answering in his essays.