Bruno Taut

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Bruno Taut
BirthplaceKönigsberg, Prussia
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taut, Bruno


Born May 4, 1880, in Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad); died Dec. 24, 1938, in Ankara. German architect and theoretician of architecture.

In the first decade of the 20th century, Taut studied in Stuttgart under T. Fischer. He visited Moscow in 1926 and lived and worked there in 1931 and 1932. After the Nazi rise to power, he lived in emigration; beginning in 1933, he worked and taught in Japan and then in Turkey. Taut, a representative of functional-ism, was the leader of the Ring architectural group. He was one of the first modern architects to use glass and concrete in his constructions, which include numerous buildings in Magdeburg, where he was chief architect from 1921 to 1924, and a residential complex in the Britz district in Berlin (1920’s). Taut developed new types of educational and residential complexes, striving for laconic composition and clear differentiation of structures. He advocated the extensive use of color in architecture.


Die neue Wohnung. Leipzig, 1925.
Die neue Baukunst in Europa und Amerika. Stuttgart, 1929.


Junghanns, K. Bruno Taut, 1880–1938. Berlin, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bruno Taut did build a Glass Pavilion with Scheerbart's participation at the Cologne Werkbund Exhibition of 1914 (Fig.
After Bruno Taut (Devotion to Drift) (2013) was inspired by modernist architect Bruno Taut and his glass architectural fantasies.
As stated in the front matter: "The delicate, pristine fascination of this complex is owing in part to the fact that no visitors are allowed and so...the curious can only catch a fleeting glimpse of it and for the rest must rely on their imagination." This volume comprises three sections: an essay on the villa's history (by Japanese scholar Arata Isozaki); photographs of the complex by Yoshiharu Matumura); and essays on Japanese architecture and interpretations of the villa, by Bruno Taut, Walter Gropius, and others.
For the faAs.ade, the German architects Martin Wagner and Bruno Taut used different colours like red or orange.
It is as if one is looking at a system both in a condition of disarray and decay, a combination of Bruno Taut and Robert Smithson's crystalline vision in a state of irreversible entropy.
Spurred by the recondite history of glass (not to say art history or political theory), McElheny, on the occasion of this exhibition, has invented (or reinvented) a rivalry between two prophetic German modernists: Mies van der Rohe and Bruno Taut, the latter perhaps best known for his Glass Pavilion at the Cologne Werkbund Exhibition of 1914.
The traditional Japanese house was a big influence on the early Modernists, Bruno Taut wrote a book about it, so it is appropriate that the compliment is now returned by a Western architect melding Japanese and Western traditions in a splendid house in Japan.
Bruno Taut (1880-1938), a major figure in Berlin architecture for many years, came to Japan in May 1933 and was taken to see Katsura on his first day in the country.