Bruno Walter


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Walter, Bruno

 

(pseudonym of B. Schlesinger). Born Sept. 15, 1876, in Berlin; died Feb. 17, 1962, in Beverly Hills, California. German conductor and writer on music.

Walter studied at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin. From 1894 to 1896, he was concertmaster, chorus master, and conductor at the Hamburg Opera, and from 1901 to 1912, at the Vienna Court Opera. Later he directed operas in Munich (1913-22) and Berlin (from 1925). He was director of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig from 1929 to 1933. In 1933, Walter emigrated from fascist Germany and made appearances in Western Europe and North America. From 1939 he lived in the USA. He conducted productions at the Metropolitan Opera. Walter had toured Russia (1914) and the USSR (1923 and 1927). He was famous as an interpreter of Mozart, Mahler, and Verdi, and was the author of books on Mozart, Mahler, and others. Walter also wrote two symphonies and other works.

WORKS

Von den moralischen Kräften der Musik. Vienna, 1935.
Gustav Mahler, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1957.
Theme and Variations: An Autobiography. London, 1947.
Vom Mozart der Zauberflöte. Frankfurt am Main, 1955.
In Russian translation:
“Fragmenty iz avtobiografii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1958, nos. 9 and 10.
“O muzyke i muzitsirovanii” [1957]. In the collection Ispolnitel’- skoe iskusstvo zarubezhnykh stran, [issue] 1. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Gavoty, B. B. Walter. Geneva, 1956.
Holde, A. B. Walter. Berlin, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This includes monographs such as the recent critical biography of Bruno Walter by Erik Ryding and Rachel Pechefsky, Christopher Fifield's thorough study of Hans Richter, the recent biography of Richard Strauss by Raymond Holden, and Alan Walker's magisterial volume on Hans von Billow, to name a few.
Most of his close male friends were Jews--victor Adler, Guido Adler, Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer--all of whom converted.
Was he really meant to conceal his work with Bruno Walter, Clemens Krauss, George Szell, Hans Knappertsbusch, Herbert von Karajan, Wilhelm Furtwangler, and Eugen Jochum among conductors, or Richard Strauss, Hans Pfitzner, and Paul Hindemith among composers?
4 Bruno Walter conducting the Columbia Symphony Orchestra (Classic/Columbia MS-6113-200)
Mahler, too, told Bruno Walter, concerning rhythmical difficulties in the finale: "Have you any idea how this is to be conducted?
A paddywagon and eight officers in riot gear showed up on Day 2 to control the crowd of 400 Lined up in front of Lincoln Center's Bruno Walter Auditorium to see Euripides' "Electra" with Marisa Tomei and Kathleen Chalfant.
[] Other identities are still in place from before: the Katherine Cornell-Guthrie McClintic Reading Room, the Billy Rose Theatre Collection, the Rodgers & Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound, the Vincent Astor Gallery, the Bruno Walter Auditorium, the Lucille Lortel Room, and the Donald and Mary Oenslager Gallery.
To be comprehensive, he has to include well-known incidents (for instance, those involving Bruno Walter, Fritz Busch, Furtwaengler, and Hindemith) and institutional developments (such as the establishment of a Reich Music Chamber, the role of the Hitler Youth, education, the Protestant Church, and so on) at the risk of being repetitive.
In 1943, when the 25-year-old Leonard Bernstein stepped in at the last minute for the ailing Bruno Walter to lead the New York Philharmonic, the event was front-page news and the young American maestro was treated like a rock star.
After winning the Debussy Piano Competition in San Francisco in 1946, he studied under the famous pianist Bruno Walter and embarked on a career as a soloist.
That year marked a turning point in her career when she won the Metropolitan Opera Auditions of the Air and made her Met debut as Oscar in Verdi's Un ballo in masche-ra conducted by Bruno Walter before singing Olympia in Les contes d'Hoffmann opposite her compatriot, Raoul Jobin.