Léon Brunschvicg

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brunschvicg, Léon

 

Born Nov. 10, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 18, 1944. French philosopher. Representative of so-called critical rationalism. From 1909 a professor at the Sorbonne.

Brunschvicg asserted the need to introduce the scientific method into philosophy in The Modality of Judgment (1897). However, for Brunschvicg, who had been influenced by the transcendental idealism of I. Kant, the scientific method (science) was the activity of reason, which is independent of the objective world, and which itself establishes the principles of its movement. These ideas were set forth in Introduction to the Life of the Spirit (1900). Brunschvicg, furthermore, was naively and optimistically convinced that the development of scientific knowledge ensures moral progress. According to Brunschvicg, reason, which gradually passes from direct perception of the external traits of reality to an ever more profound knowledge of its essence, also has an ethical function, leading toward refinement of conscience and recognition of moral autonomy as well as other spiritual values.

WORKS

Les Progrès de la conscience dans la philosophic occidentale. Paris, 1927.
Les Étapes de la philosophic mathématique, 3rd ed. Paris, 1929.
La Raison et la religion. Paris, 1939.

REFERENCE

Deschoux, M. La Philosophic de L. Brunschvicg. Paris, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leon Brunschvicg (Paris: Librairie Hachette, 1946), no.
Na edicao Brunschvicg dos Pensamentos (Pensees), no artigo Miseria do Homem sem Deus nos deparamos com o fragmento 72, intitulado Desproporcao do Homem.
John Duncan has done an excellent job of demonstrating how this fascination with contingency marked every stage of Sartre's philosophical development, from his study of Nietzsche under Leon Brunschvicg in the mid-1920s onward.
In his 1927 work, Le progres de la conscience dans la philosophie occidentale, prominent idealist French philosopher Leon Brunschvicg, coined the term sociologism to criticize what he considered to be a "sociological dogmatism." In his view, Durkheim was responsible for framing a totalitarian and deterministic conception of human life that left little room for individual freedom and will.
Formado en la Sorbona de principios de siglo, bajo la presencia de la filosofia neokantiana, cuyo representante principal era Leon Brunschvicg, pero inspirado tambien por los nuevos caminos de la metafisica senalados por Henri Bergson, Marcel lleva adelante una reflexion profunda, aunque no sistematica, de las implicancias de la existencia humana, de sus dimensiones eticas, antropologicas y metafisicas.