Bryonia


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Related to Bryonia: Bryonia alba
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bryonia

 

(bryony), a genus of monoecious or dioecious plants of the family Cucurbitaceae. The plants are perennial herbs with thickened tuberous roots and climbing stems. Simple tendrils attach the stems to a support. The leaves are five-angled, five-lobed, or deeply divided; sometimes the leaves are entire. The unisexual, regular flowers are greenish yellow and are borne in axillary inflorescences. The perianth is five-parted, and the corolla is almost rotate. The fruit is a spherical berry.

There are approximately ten species of Bryonia, distributed in Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Central and Southwest Asia, and North Africa. Four or five species are found in the USSR, in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The plants have both been imported and grow wild in the central and southern zones of the European USSR. They grow among shrubs, on the edge of forests, and along river valleys. The herbs also grow as weeds near dwellings.

The most common species are B. alba and B. dioica. B. alba is monoecious and has black fruit; B. dioica, a dioecious species, has red or yellow fruit. Both species are poisonous: they contain the glycosides bryonin and bryonidin. The roots are used as analgesic, styptic, expectorant, laxative, and wound-healing substances. The bryony is used to decorate balconies, summer houses, and walls.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bryonia: Think of this remedy for slow onset of fever, rigors begin followed by chills, often patient feels one-sided heat, very thirsty, worse motion, irritable.
The authors suggest that Schisandra and Bryonia induced an increase in physical performance which could be due to their stimulatory effect on NO production, which adapts the organism to heavy physical exercise (Panossian 1999).
Conditions in which bryonia is used include acute and chronic infectious diseases, backache, body aches, cough, diarrhea, diuretic, dizziness, emetic, fatigue, fever, flu, gastrointestinal disorders, headache, joint pain, liver disorders, lumbago, metabolic disorders, migraine headache, pain from broken bones, respiratory tract disorders, rheumatism and sore throat.
Together with the genus Bryonia, it forms a European lineage in the subtribe Benincasinae, which is mainly African in origin (Jeffrey 1961, 1990, Walters et al.
For example, bryonia is commonly used for two distinct categories of symptoms: upper respiratory and rheumatic/arthritic ailments.
Thigmomorphogenesis in Bryonia dioica: change in soluble and wall peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity, cellulose, lignin content and monomeric constituents.
Those suffering from a slowly-developing left-sided migraine with delirium, a fever, irritability, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, confusion and a strong thirst, may get relief from Bryonia. Symptoms are worse from warmth, stooping, from opening the eyes, from motion or jarring, exertion, sitting up, and are better from strong pressure, rest and while lying flat.
Some common medicines made from plant kingdom are Allium cepa, Pulsatilla, Bryonia, Belladonna, Gelsemium, Rhus toxicodendron, Aconite, etc.
Vegetation low riverine forest is usually trained pre-forestieres species on siliceous substrate and are: Crateagus monogyna; Halimium halimifolium; Withania frutescens; Atriplex halimus; Acacia sp; Zygophyllum sp; Bryonia dioica; Calycotome intermedia; Suaeda sp.
Aconitum spp., Bryonia spp., Chelidonium majus L., Convolvulus scammonia L., Delphinium staphisagria L.) have disappeared or are less prominent.
If you know only three or four remedies and their indications (let's say Arnica, Bryonia, Rhus toxicodendron, and Ruta), you can very likely save a trip to the doctor.