Brzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz
Brzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz(zbĭg`nyĕv käzēm`yĕsh brəzhĭn`skē), 1928–2017, American political scientist and public official, b. Warsaw, Poland, grad. Harvard (Ph.D, 1953). The son of a diplomat, he was raised in Canada and became (1958) a U.S. citizen. A professor of international relations at Harvard (1953–60), Columbia (1960–89), and Johns Hopkins (1989–2017), he was a Soviet specialist and an influential voice regarding political affairs in the Communist world. As President CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.
Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
..... Click the link for more information. 's national security adviser (1977–81), he advocated a hard line toward the USSR and was skeptical of détentedétente,
relaxation of tensions between nations, applied particularly to a period of improved relations between the United States and Soviet Union in the 1960s and 70s that resulted as the hostilities of the cold war diminished.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1981 he resumed his academic career, writing extensively on U.S. strategic relations, the collapse of Communism, and America's security challenges. His books include Ideology and Power in Soviet Politics (1962, repr., 1976), Between Two Ages (1970, repr. 1982), The Grand Failure (1989), The Grand Chessboard (1997), The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership (2004), Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower (2007), and Strategic Power: America and the Crisis of Global Power (2012).
See his memoirs, Power and Principle (1983); study by C. Gati, ed. (2013).