tambourine

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tambourine

(tăm'bərēn`), musical instrument of the percussion family, having a narrow circular frame and a single parchment drumhead, with metal plates or jingles set in the frame. The ancient Romans used it, and in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance it was used by traveling musicians and entertainers. In the 19th cent. it became a military-band instrument, appearing later and very occasionally in the orchestra. The timbrel or tabret of the Bible was probably similar to the tambourine.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tambourine

 

a musical percussion instrument; a wooden or metallic hoop with a membrane (skin or bladder) stretched across on one side. Some types of tambourines are provided with clanging metallic rings, disks, small cymbals, bells, or jingle bells. Sound is produced by shaking the instrument and hitting the membrane. Tambourines are used to provide rhythmical accompaniment for dances and solo and choral singing. Genuine virtuoso performances on the tambourine reveal a great wealth of rhythmical patterns. The tambourine is included in several national and professional ensembles and orchestras.

The tambourine has been known in many countries since ancient times, particularly in the Orient. Tambourine-like instruments of other peoples include the def and diaf, or gabal (Azerbaijani); daf, or khaval (Armenian); daira (Georgian); doira (Uzbek and Tadzhik); daire, or def (Persian); bendeir (Arab); and pandero (Spanish). Since the 1820’s the tambourine has been used in symphony orchestras and brass bands, primarily in oriental-sounding music, and in Spanish, Gypsy, and Italian dances. In ancient Rus’ the term “tambourine” (büben) also referred to drums and military kettledrums.

K. A. VERTKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tambourine

Music a percussion instrument consisting of a single drumhead of skin stretched over a circular wooden frame hung with pairs of metal discs that jingle when it is struck or shaken
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ich schikte meinen Buben hinaus, nur um einen Menschen um mich zu haben, der ihr heute nahe gekommen ware.
PCE liver effects are thought to result from oxidative metabolites (Buben and O'Flaherty 1985), whereas metabolites resulting from GSH conjugation are hypothesized to cause kidney effects (Lash and Parker 2001).
The first seismic station in this area was set up in August 1960 (Buben, 1962) which was followed by the construction of a seismic network in 1963.
Wanting to take his career to the next level, he met with Jeffrey Buben at Vidalia and took a position there.
(5.) The idea that the evolution of a spoken language is constantly influenced by the manner in which it is written down was first posited in 1935 by Vladimir Buben, and is known variously as orthographisme, prononciation orthographique, and l'effet Buben.
Die schwulen Buben; das packt er mir nu auf, das soll ich nach Hause tragen und lesen.
Contact Diane Buben, public relations manager, at 610-251-2738, www.cpcusociety.org.
Liver effects of TCE are thought to result from oxidative metabolites (Buben and O'Flaherty 1985; Bull 2000), whereas effects on kidney are generally associated with metabolites resulting from GSH conjugation (Lash et al.