Martin Bucer

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Martin Bucer
Martin Butser
BirthplaceSélestat (Schlettstadt), Alsace
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bucer, Martin


(also Martin Butzer). Born Nov. 11, 1491, in Schlettstadt; died Feb. 28, 1551, in Cambridge. Active figure in the radical middle-class Reformation in southwest Germany.

Bucer lived in Strasbourg from 1523 to 1549. He held a prominent position in a group of higher German reformers who, while following M. Luther, at the same time were more consistently overcoming Catholicism in theology and divine service. He had an influence on J. Calvin. In 1549, Bucer moved to England, became a professor in Cambridge, and took part in the English Reformation movement.


Bornkamm, H. Martin Bucers Bedeutung. … Gütersloh, 1952. (With bibliography.)
Pollet, J. V. Martin Bucer …, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1958-62.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The author, however, also identifies distinctive positions taken by the various reformers: Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, Martin Bucer, Jean Calvin, and a range of Anglican and Catholic writers.
The list includes Stephan Agricola, Johannes Brenz, Martin Bucer, Caspar Hedio, Justus Jonas, the important Luther colleague Philipp Melanchthon, Johannes Oecolampadius and Andreas Osiander.
All of the reformers, Meyer insisted--Zwingli, Oecolampadius, Luther, Bucer, "and other learned people"--had defended church discipline in their early writings.
The Reformer Martin Bucer (1491-1551) wrote, "Children should be encouraged to enter the best profession, and the best profession is the one which brings most profit to neighbors." (2) Bucer went on to provide a ranking of what he judged to be the most beneficial professions.
Animadversions Upon the Remostrants' Defense Against Smectymnuus, Apology for Smectymnuus, The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, The judgment of Martin Bucer Concerning Divorce, Tetrachordon, Colasterion, Tractate on Education, A Declaration for the Election of John III King of Poland, Familiar Letters, vol.
"Activating both the functional and phenomenological similarities between imagery and drama," she writes, "the play can also be read as a spirited defense of the use of drama for religious instruction." In this respect, she calls attention to a defense of "honest playing" written by Martin Bucer (103).
Yet, he was obviously well versed in Latin and ancient history, and knowledgeable enough about contemporary issues of theology to work with Martin Bucer. As was the custom for many in scholarly circles as well as in the publishing business, Georg often used a Latin version of his name, Georgius Machaeropioeus, in the books he published.
(1) This includes the Sarum litany for Rogation Monday (similar to the present Roman Catholic Litany of the Saints); an eighth-century litany from the pontifical of Egbert, Archbishop of York; a medieval litany from Germany revised by Luther in 1528 or 1529 (published in both German and Latin); a German litany drawn up in 1543 by Phillip Melancthon and Martin Bucer for a prayer book commissioned by Archbishop Hermann of Cologne; the litany in Marshall's Primer of 1535; the 5th volume of a collection by Genricus Canisuius entitled Antiquae Lectiones (including litanies of Ratpertus and Notker); and certain Greek litanies originating in the Orthodox Church.
One scholar has argued persuasively that the linking of Spirit and Word to sanctification came from the Reformed theology of Martin Bucer, but that Stephan Gardner had said that the link could also represent transubstantiation.
Martin Bucer is regarded by both Lutherans and the Reformed as a doctor of the church.