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county (1991 pop. 619,500), 727 sq mi (1,883 sq km), central England. The county seat is AylesburyAylesbury
, city (1991 pop. 51,999), Buckinghamshire, central England. It is an agricultural market for the upper Thames valley and is famous for its ducks. There are printing works, food processing, engineering, and other light industries, developed under a government program
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; the county is divided into four administrative districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The Thames River forms part of the southern boundary of the county. In S Buckinghamshire are the chalky Chiltern Hills with their beech forests; furniture made from beechwood is one of the county's most notable manufactures. The area is largely agricultural; barley, wheat, oats, and beans are the chief crops of the fertile Vale of Aylesbury in N Buckinghamshire. Cattle, pigs, sheep, and poultry are raised farther south. Industries have developed in Aylesbury, High Wycombe, and Wolverton.

In ancient times Icknield StreetIcknield Street
, name for a prehistoric road in England, extending SW from the Wash, along the line of the Chiltern Hills and Berkshire Downs, to Salisbury Plain.
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 and Watling StreetWatling Street
, important ancient road in England, built by the Romans in the course of their military occupation. It ran from London generally north to the intersection with the Fosse Way, c.
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 crossed the county, which has extensive Roman and pre-Roman remains. Thomas GrayGray, Thomas,
1716–71, English poet. He was educated at Eton and Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1739 he began a grand tour of the Continent with Horace Walpole. They quarreled in Italy, and Gray returned to England in 1741.
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 is buried at Stoke Poges, in the country churchyard that inspired his "Elegy." John MiltonMilton, John,
1608–74, English poet, b. London, one of the greatest poets of the English language. Early Life and Works

The son of a wealthy scrivener, Milton was educated at St. Paul's School and Christ's College, Cambridge.
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 had a cottage for a time at Chalfont St. Giles, and the poet William CowperCowper, William
, 1731–1800, English poet. Physically and emotionally unfit for the professional life, he was admitted to the bar but never practiced. After a battle with insanity, Cowper retired to the country, taking refuge with the family of Mrs.
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 spent many years at Olney. Also in Buckinghamshire are Hughenden Manor, home of the statesman Benjamin DisraeliDisraeli, Benjamin, 1st earl of Beaconsfield
, 1804–81, British statesman and author. He is regarded as the founder of the modern Conservative party.
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; Checquers, a historic Tudor mansion and residence of British prime ministers since 1921; and Eton College, England's most famous public school.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a county in SE central England, containing the Vale of Aylesbury and parts of the Chiltern Hills: the geographic and ceremonial county includes Milton Keynes, which became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Aylesbury. Pop. (excluding Milton Keynes): 478 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Milton Keynes): 1568 sq. km (605 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Buckinghamshire won the day's opener by seven wickets before also coming out on top in game two when they were victorious by 71 runs.
Noel Brown, Buckinghamshire County Council Cabinet Member for Community Engagement, said: "An early alert from family or watchful neighbours is just what we need to give our team valuable time to catch these criminals."
SCORECARD Buckinghamshire 1st inns: 239 all out off 73.5 overs Northumberland 1st inns: 350-7 off 90 overs Buckinghamshire 2nd inns: 263 all out off 82.3 overs (S Gumbs 67, P Castleden 59, S Zaib 43, O McGee 3-44, J Thompson 2-15, A MacQueen 2-91) Northumberland 2nd inns: 156-4 off 39.3 overs (J Thompson 53, A MacQueen 31, M Whaley 29, J Clay 28no, M Payne 2-27) Northumberland (24 pts) beat Buckinghamshire (5 pts) by six wickets
On another hot day at Burnham, Northumberland were unable to make further inroads, failing to produce the quality of bowling that had seen Buckinghamshire collapse in the first innings.
It's an outrage that while Coventry is coping with the biggest cuts in our history, the government has decided to give millions of extra funding to wealthy areas like Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire.
Buckinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service said that elderly Mrs Skinner was found dead in her bedroom after firefighters were called at 11.21pm.
London & Stamford Property plc (LSE:LSP.L), a UK real estate investment trust (REIT), said today that it has acquired an office building in Marlow, Buckinghamshire in southeast England for GBP50.15m (excluding costs), reflecting a net initial yield of 8.9%.
WALES Minor Counties pulled off a clinical victory over Buckinghamshire at Brymbo.
This year's MacQueen award for excellence in research went to Amanda Corr, a school nurse, employed as a family intervention nurse at Buckinghamshire NHS Trust, who won the 3000[pounds sterling] prize for her research project: Health needs of prisoners families engaged with family intervention project.
ONE of Merseyside's "most loveable" police horses has travelled to his retirement home at a Buckinghamshire sanctuary.
The diminutive opener carried his bat to hit a brilliant unconquered 95 to ensure a 14-run win over Buckinghamshire at the Sussex County Cricket Club academy grounds in Blackstone on Tuesday.

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