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county (1991 pop. 619,500), 727 sq mi (1,883 sq km), central England. The county seat is AylesburyAylesbury
, city (1991 pop. 51,999), Buckinghamshire, central England. It is an agricultural market for the upper Thames valley and is famous for its ducks. There are printing works, food processing, engineering, and other light industries, developed under a government program
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; the county is divided into four administrative districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The Thames River forms part of the southern boundary of the county. In S Buckinghamshire are the chalky Chiltern Hills with their beech forests; furniture made from beechwood is one of the county's most notable manufactures. The area is largely agricultural; barley, wheat, oats, and beans are the chief crops of the fertile Vale of Aylesbury in N Buckinghamshire. Cattle, pigs, sheep, and poultry are raised farther south. Industries have developed in Aylesbury, High Wycombe, and Wolverton.

In ancient times Icknield StreetIcknield Street
, name for a prehistoric road in England, extending SW from the Wash, along the line of the Chiltern Hills and Berkshire Downs, to Salisbury Plain.
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 and Watling StreetWatling Street
, important ancient road in England, built by the Romans in the course of their military occupation. It ran from London generally north to the intersection with the Fosse Way, c.
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 crossed the county, which has extensive Roman and pre-Roman remains. Thomas GrayGray, Thomas,
1716–71, English poet. He was educated at Eton and Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1739 he began a grand tour of the Continent with Horace Walpole. They quarreled in Italy, and Gray returned to England in 1741.
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 is buried at Stoke Poges, in the country churchyard that inspired his "Elegy." John MiltonMilton, John,
1608–74, English poet, b. London, one of the greatest poets of the English language. Early Life and Works

The son of a wealthy scrivener, Milton was educated at St. Paul's School and Christ's College, Cambridge.
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 had a cottage for a time at Chalfont St. Giles, and the poet William CowperCowper, William
, 1731–1800, English poet. Physically and emotionally unfit for the professional life, he was admitted to the bar but never practiced. After a battle with insanity, Cowper retired to the country, taking refuge with the family of Mrs.
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 spent many years at Olney. Also in Buckinghamshire are Hughenden Manor, home of the statesman Benjamin DisraeliDisraeli, Benjamin, 1st earl of Beaconsfield
, 1804–81, British statesman and author. He is regarded as the founder of the modern Conservative party.
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; Checquers, a historic Tudor mansion and residence of British prime ministers since 1921; and Eton College, England's most famous public school.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a county in SE central England, containing the Vale of Aylesbury and parts of the Chiltern Hills: the geographic and ceremonial county includes Milton Keynes, which became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Aylesbury. Pop. (excluding Milton Keynes): 478 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Milton Keynes): 1568 sq. km (605 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The predicament of having an intellectually challenged daughter, Rohini, led her to work in the childcare department of Social Services in Buckinghamshire, England. Jaishree began teaching adults with special needs even as her life went on a rollercoaster ride.
Francis Phillips writes from Buckinghamshire, England.
Mark is recuperating in Stoke Mandeveille Hospital in Buckinghamshire, England, but doctors there still don't know whether he will ever be able to walk again.
Certainly, the Nissan-Renault alliance is already driving standards, with the launch on April 22 of a 'road map' for electric cars in the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, England. Linking with the local authority there, Milton Keynes Council, the teamwork will produce a network of 430 EV charging posts along with electrical vehicles for sale.
Building on this, Phillippa Plock's essay inspects the world of eighteenth-century trade cards preserved in Lord Rothschild's Waddesdon Manor in Buckinghamshire, England. Plock focuses on the Parisian book trade and the use of "visual rhetoric" to persuade wealthy recipients to purchase books.
The builder, of Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England, said: "It ruined the holiday, to be honest.
Janssen-Cilag of Buckinghamshire, England, which sponsored the trial, thought that the study was sufficiently powered, he said, adding that he had no financial relationship with the company.
LOCATION: Bletchley Park National Codes Centre is on Sherwood Drive in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, about halfway between London and Birmingham, just off the M1 highway.
Lighting Science has offices in Westampton, New Jersey; Sacramento, California; Satellite Beach, Florida; Dallas, Texas; Tokyo, Japan; Goes, The Netherlands; Buckinghamshire, England; and Sydney, Australia.
The film, which stars celebrity heartthrob Jake Gyllenhaal of "Brokeback Mountain" and James Bond girl Gemma Arterton, is currently being filmed at Pinewood Studios, in Buckinghamshire, England.
MEI is an authorized worldwide distributor of the software, developed by Wave2 Media Solutions Ltd., Buckinghamshire, England. Wave2 users include the Boston Globe, Belgium's Passe Partout, and Northcliffe Newspapers in the United Kingdom.
David Tyler of Flackwell Heath, Buckinghamshire, England, recorded Jupiter (above) with a Celestron 11-inch telescope at 6:15 UT on January 23rd.