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county (1991 pop. 619,500), 727 sq mi (1,883 sq km), central England. The county seat is AylesburyAylesbury
, city (1991 pop. 51,999), Buckinghamshire, central England. It is an agricultural market for the upper Thames valley and is famous for its ducks. There are printing works, food processing, engineering, and other light industries, developed under a government program
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; the county is divided into four administrative districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The Thames River forms part of the southern boundary of the county. In S Buckinghamshire are the chalky Chiltern Hills with their beech forests; furniture made from beechwood is one of the county's most notable manufactures. The area is largely agricultural; barley, wheat, oats, and beans are the chief crops of the fertile Vale of Aylesbury in N Buckinghamshire. Cattle, pigs, sheep, and poultry are raised farther south. Industries have developed in Aylesbury, High Wycombe, and Wolverton.

In ancient times Icknield StreetIcknield Street
, name for a prehistoric road in England, extending SW from the Wash, along the line of the Chiltern Hills and Berkshire Downs, to Salisbury Plain.
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 and Watling StreetWatling Street
, important ancient road in England, built by the Romans in the course of their military occupation. It ran from London generally north to the intersection with the Fosse Way, c.
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 crossed the county, which has extensive Roman and pre-Roman remains. Thomas GrayGray, Thomas,
1716–71, English poet. He was educated at Eton and Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1739 he began a grand tour of the Continent with Horace Walpole. They quarreled in Italy, and Gray returned to England in 1741.
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 is buried at Stoke Poges, in the country churchyard that inspired his "Elegy." John MiltonMilton, John,
1608–74, English poet, b. London, one of the greatest poets of the English language. Early Life and Works

The son of a wealthy scrivener, Milton was educated at St. Paul's School and Christ's College, Cambridge.
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 had a cottage for a time at Chalfont St. Giles, and the poet William CowperCowper, William
, 1731–1800, English poet. Physically and emotionally unfit for the professional life, he was admitted to the bar but never practiced. After a battle with insanity, Cowper retired to the country, taking refuge with the family of Mrs.
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 spent many years at Olney. Also in Buckinghamshire are Hughenden Manor, home of the statesman Benjamin DisraeliDisraeli, Benjamin, 1st earl of Beaconsfield
, 1804–81, British statesman and author. He is regarded as the founder of the modern Conservative party.
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; Checquers, a historic Tudor mansion and residence of British prime ministers since 1921; and Eton College, England's most famous public school.


a county in SE central England, containing the Vale of Aylesbury and parts of the Chiltern Hills: the geographic and ceremonial county includes Milton Keynes, which became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Aylesbury. Pop. (excluding Milton Keynes): 478 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Milton Keynes): 1568 sq. km (605 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The film, which stars celebrity heartthrob Jake Gyllenhaal of "Brokeback Mountain" and James Bond girl Gemma Arterton, is currently being filmed at Pinewood Studios, in Buckinghamshire, England.
Photos published in the July 11 issue of People show Jolie standing near her Buckinghamshire, England, estate while Pitt rides a dirt bike with Maddox.
Things started to change in 1953, however, when the Wonders expanded their playing field by becoming the first Canadian team to compete at the Stoke Mandeville games in Buckinghamshire, England.
The rare and valuable machine was stolen from Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire, England, on 1 April 2000.
Nepomuceno recently won the prestigious World Tenpin Masters title in Buckinghamshire, England.
She joins Catalent after having been Vice President of Quality Assurance for GE Healthcare Biosciences, Medical Diagnostics, in Buckinghamshire, England.
This villa, which dates from the 1st to the 4th century, is located at Hambleden, Buckinghamshire, England.
The painting remained in the Hampden and linked Hobart families ever since, although it was loaned to Aylesbury Crown Court in Buckinghamshire, England, where it hung, largely ignored, for 50 years on the wall of a private meeting room.
Mitchell was born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England, the daughter of the late William Robert and Kate (Griggs) Medd, Sr.
Only those privy to the Tim Rice solo archives will know whether the 57- year-old native of Buckinghamshire, England, is guilty of modesty or a keen self-awareness.
Debbie who was born in Claremorris, Co Mayo, moved to Buckinghamshire, England, with her mother when she was just six.
Bucks Star is a microbrewery in Buckinghamshire, England, and it uses only the best quality malted barley, hops and yeast.