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county (1991 pop. 619,500), 727 sq mi (1,883 sq km), central England. The county seat is AylesburyAylesbury
, city (1991 pop. 51,999), Buckinghamshire, central England. It is an agricultural market for the upper Thames valley and is famous for its ducks. There are printing works, food processing, engineering, and other light industries, developed under a government program
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; the county is divided into four administrative districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The Thames River forms part of the southern boundary of the county. In S Buckinghamshire are the chalky Chiltern Hills with their beech forests; furniture made from beechwood is one of the county's most notable manufactures. The area is largely agricultural; barley, wheat, oats, and beans are the chief crops of the fertile Vale of Aylesbury in N Buckinghamshire. Cattle, pigs, sheep, and poultry are raised farther south. Industries have developed in Aylesbury, High Wycombe, and Wolverton.

In ancient times Icknield StreetIcknield Street
, name for a prehistoric road in England, extending SW from the Wash, along the line of the Chiltern Hills and Berkshire Downs, to Salisbury Plain.
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 and Watling StreetWatling Street
, important ancient road in England, built by the Romans in the course of their military occupation. It ran from London generally north to the intersection with the Fosse Way, c.
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 crossed the county, which has extensive Roman and pre-Roman remains. Thomas GrayGray, Thomas,
1716–71, English poet. He was educated at Eton and Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1739 he began a grand tour of the Continent with Horace Walpole. They quarreled in Italy, and Gray returned to England in 1741.
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 is buried at Stoke Poges, in the country churchyard that inspired his "Elegy." John MiltonMilton, John,
1608–74, English poet, b. London, one of the greatest poets of the English language. Early Life and Works

The son of a wealthy scrivener, Milton was educated at St. Paul's School and Christ's College, Cambridge.
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 had a cottage for a time at Chalfont St. Giles, and the poet William CowperCowper, William
, 1731–1800, English poet. Physically and emotionally unfit for the professional life, he was admitted to the bar but never practiced. After a battle with insanity, Cowper retired to the country, taking refuge with the family of Mrs.
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 spent many years at Olney. Also in Buckinghamshire are Hughenden Manor, home of the statesman Benjamin DisraeliDisraeli, Benjamin, 1st earl of Beaconsfield
, 1804–81, British statesman and author. He is regarded as the founder of the modern Conservative party.
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; Checquers, a historic Tudor mansion and residence of British prime ministers since 1921; and Eton College, England's most famous public school.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a county in SE central England, containing the Vale of Aylesbury and parts of the Chiltern Hills: the geographic and ceremonial county includes Milton Keynes, which became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Aylesbury. Pop. (excluding Milton Keynes): 478 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Milton Keynes): 1568 sq. km (605 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"As part of the Thames Valley Local Resilience Forum, Buckinghamshire County Council also works with other local government, health and emergency services in the region to coordinate a suitable response in the event of a range of possible adverse situations and to ensure continuity of services to the local community."
Eventually, I was able to explain that I had a travel pass from Buckinghamshire County Council.
We are pleased the date for the court case has been set and look forward to the hearing when local councils can represent their residents' rights." Martin Tett, the Chairman of the alliance of the local councils challenging the rail scheme known as 51m and Leader of Buckinghamshire County Council, said: "The decision is good not just for the people we represent in 15 local authority areas but for hard-pressed taxpayers across the entire country.
He said: "I've just finished reading the consultation response for the HS2 line from the 15 local authorities led by Buckinghamshire County Council.
Buckinghamshire County Council reckons it can save 590 tonnes of CO2 by switching off 2,000 streetlights.
Trevor Boyd, of Buckinghamshire County Council, insisted that help had been offered but Mrs Markcrow had always been adamant her son should remain at the family home
Mr Edwards is chairman of the Association of Chief Education Officers and was education manager for Buckinghamshire County Council.
The leader of Buckinghamshire County Council added: "The hearing in December will give us the chance to show exactly why we believe the decision to proceed with HS2 is unlawful.
Tory-controlled Buckinghamshire County Council has turned off 1,600 of the 28,000 street lights around the county, saving about pounds 700,000 a year.
The clarification in the law follows the recent decision in the O'Neill v Buckinghamshire County Council ruling at an employment tribunal earlier this month.
In May 2004, Buckinghamshire County Council's disability team sent an internal email about the Markcrows, the court was told.
Other Tory authorities aiming to cut include Barnet, in North London, 15-20%, Buckinghamshire county council, 15-20%, and Nottinghamshire county council, 10-15%.

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