hotel(redirected from Budget hotel)
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See H. Weisskamp, Hotels (1968); R. Brotherton, ed., The Handbook of Contemporary Hospitality Management Research (1999); A. K. Sandoval-Strausz, Hotel: An American History (2007).
a building for temporary stays by people visiting a given area. Hotels for those traveling by car are called motels.
Hotels first appeared in the ancient world. They were located in large trading centers (for instance, gostinye dvory in Russia), in places of religious pilgrimage, and near main roads (for instance, caravansaries in the East). With the development of capitalism, when business trips significantly increased the clientele of hotels, the modern urban hotel came into being, with rooms of various kinds situated along corridors, with general halls, restaurants, and other facilities. Many of the newest large hotels are developed social complexes, combining living units with garages for guests’ cars, large halls for concerts and meetings, exhibition facilities, and pools. (These are sometimes located in separate buildings of considerable size.)
There were more than 5,800 hotels in the USSR in 1970. More than 80 percent were under the management of the soviets of workers’ deputies, and the rest were managed by ministries, departments, and the Board of Foreign Tourism. As the material and cultural level of the population rises, the demand for hotels increases, especially in the capitals of the Soviet republics, in resort cities, and near memorial sites. Since the late I950’s, many large comfortable hotels have been built, with modern sanitary equipment and high-quality furniture and decoration. Moscow has the Rossiia, capacity. 6,000 (architects, D. N. Chechulin, P. P. Shteller, and others) and Inturist, capacity, 1,000 (architects V. L. Vo-skrenskii, Iu. N. Sheverdiaev. and others). Leningrad has the Leningrad, capacity, 1,312 (architects, S. B. Speranskii and V. E. Struzman; builder, M. N. Shekher). Other modern hotels are the Kazakhstan, capacity, 550 (architects, E. K. Diatlov and Kim Do Sen; builder, Iu. M. Skrinskii) in Alma-Ata, the Iveriia, capacity, 510 (architects, O. D. Kalandarishvili and I. S. Tskhomelidze; engineer, D. Kad-zhaia). in Tbilisi, and the lubileinaia, capacity, 408 (architect, G. M. Benediktov) in Minsk. Large hotels were under construction in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Sochi, and many other cities in 1971.
REFERENCESKiselevich. L. N., V. A. Kossakovskii, and O. I. Rzhekhina. Gostinitsy za rubezhom. Moscow, 1961.
Koch, A. Hotelbauten: Motels und Ferienhaüser. Stuttgart .
Zhukov. G. S. Ekspluatatsiia gostinits. Moscow, 1967.
I. T. IVANOV and IU. K. MILONOV
What does it mean when you dream about a hotel?
A place of temporary housing, a hotel may indicate the need for a new state of mind or a condition that requires a short move away from home and familiar conditions.