Budi Utomo

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Budi Utomo


(High Endeavor), the first national Indonesian organization, formed in Java on May 20, 1908. It was created chiefly by students and had branches in many cities of Java.

In 1909, Budi Utomo had about 10,000 members. Its first congress (the “Young Java” Congress) took place in Jogjakarta in October 1908. The activity of the organization was most noticeably developed in the field of Indonesian culture.

In 1917, Budi Utomo became a political organization, and a demand for the creation of a national democratic government was included in its program. During the reactionary period that followed the insurrection of 1926-27, the activity of Budi Utomo almost ceased. In 1935 it merged with a number of other parties and organizations to form the Party of Great Indonesia. The day that Budi Utomo was first organized is celebrated in the Republic of Indonesia as the Day of National Awakening.


Gnevusheva, E. I. “Budi Utomo.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1958, no. 5.
Belen’kii, A. B. Natsional’noe probuzhdenie Indonezii. Moscow, 1965.
Ki Hadjar Dewantara. Dari kebangunan nasional … Jakarta, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the need for a large investment, it is too big to be borne by the Teachers~ Training College Budi Utomo.
However, the investment does not necessarily need to be charged to the student, but can be satisfied solely by Teachers~ Training College Budi Utomo.
Its leader Bambang Budi Utomo said: "This is an extraor-dinary find.
Their leader Bambang Budi Utomo said: "This is an extraordinary find that will certainly provide useful information about what took place in the Java Sea during World War II
Budi Utomo identified the site as being associated with Tanjungpura, which he discussed in relation to the Nagarakartagama and Sejarah Malayu (Budi Utomo 1997:8-9, 49-53).
It is a purely criminal case,'' Papua Police Chief Budi Utomo told Kyodo News by telephone from Timika, where the clash took place.
Alas, Picard failed to link the debates in these journals to similar debates within the Theosophy-inspired Javanese Budi Utomo and Taman Siswa movements which had spilled over to Bali through the mediation of Javanese school teachers.