Budi Utomo

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Budi Utomo


(High Endeavor), the first national Indonesian organization, formed in Java on May 20, 1908. It was created chiefly by students and had branches in many cities of Java.

In 1909, Budi Utomo had about 10,000 members. Its first congress (the “Young Java” Congress) took place in Jogjakarta in October 1908. The activity of the organization was most noticeably developed in the field of Indonesian culture.

In 1917, Budi Utomo became a political organization, and a demand for the creation of a national democratic government was included in its program. During the reactionary period that followed the insurrection of 1926-27, the activity of Budi Utomo almost ceased. In 1935 it merged with a number of other parties and organizations to form the Party of Great Indonesia. The day that Budi Utomo was first organized is celebrated in the Republic of Indonesia as the Day of National Awakening.


Gnevusheva, E. I. “Budi Utomo.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1958, no. 5.
Belen’kii, A. B. Natsional’noe probuzhdenie Indonezii. Moscow, 1965.
Ki Hadjar Dewantara. Dari kebangunan nasional … Jakarta, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Muhammad Irfan Said, (2) Effendi Abustam, (3) Farida Nur Yuliati, (4) Budi Utomo
Budi Utomo (2007) called it Batu Pait, (11) gave the location in the Nanga Mahap district, the size (4 meters long and 7 meters at the highest extent), and also showed photographs.
Budi Utomo (2007) identifies the site very precisely, and gives a Dutch photograph of the inscribed rock that was first published by van Naerssen (1941:136), along with copies of the drawings in the accounts by E.
Its leader Bambang Budi Utomo said: "This is an extraor-dinary find." The U-boat, part of a fleet sent to attack Allied ships on trade routes, was sunk by a Dutch sub on October 5, 1944.
Their leader Bambang Budi Utomo said: "This is an extraordinary find that will certainly provide useful information about what took place in the Java Sea during World War II
Chapter 8 shows how the emergent currents of belief of nineteenth-century Java crystallized in the formation of the early twentieth century's prominent organizations: Budi Utomo, Muhammadiyah, Taman Siswa, Sarekat Islam, the Java Institute, PKI, Nahdlatul Ulama.
Dharmaputra, Nick G., Budi Utomo, and Sandi Iljanto.
''It has nothing to do at all with the planned division...It is a purely criminal case,'' Papua Police Chief Budi Utomo told Kyodo News by telephone from Timika, where the clash took place.
Alas, Picard failed to link the debates in these journals to similar debates within the Theosophy-inspired Javanese Budi Utomo and Taman Siswa movements which had spilled over to Bali through the mediation of Javanese school teachers.
Around 1908-1909 political parties formed such as the lower priyayi group Budi Utomo and the Sarekat Dagang lslamijah (Islamic Trade Association) of Indonesian and Arab traders.
A recent book (Budi Utomo 2007:48-55) reviews the findings in West Kalimantan, and describes excavations between 1993 and 1996 at a site of approximately 7 hectares at Benua Lama on the west bank of the Pawan, close to Ketapang (see our Fig.