martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking during the official launch of BABUSA and to introduce to Botswana the 12th Annual Africa Cup Championships, Shihan Thuto said the all Botswana Budo Styles Association encompasses both the Chinese, Japanese and Korean styles of martial arts.
Personos savoka praplete Clarissa Pinkola Estes: persona, arba kauke--tai rango, dorybiu, budo ir valdzios zenklas.
By contrast, those who are resisting this sportification understand the applicability of this province of meaning to be relevant in more areas of the life-world; a point also played out in Bennett: "The argument surrounding the difference between budo and sports has always been vibrant, but the main objections are that kendo should never be reduced to a matter of victory or defeat and that it is not about fund or play.
The terms neighbors helped and the people taught me reveal, as in the study of Budo et al.
Idejiskumas--zmogaus budo bruozas, rodantis atsidavima kilnioms idejoms.
In a recent presentation to the Tokyo Olympic organizing committee, World Karate Federation Secretary General Toshihisa Nagura emphasized that while karate has truly become a global sport, it embodies the traditional Japanese values of Budo or "the martial way," referring to the rigorous discipline and spiritual purity that is asked of the practitioner.
Musicians include Breathe Owl Breathe, The Wool Pullers, Silver Jackson, Budo, Erik Blood, OC Notes, Strummin Dog, Benjamin Verdoes, Chimurenga Renaissance, Iska Dhaaf, Kirk Debique, and more.
Sio mokymo budo istaku pirmiausia turetume ieskoti dvikalbese arba daugiakalbese aplinkose, kur jis buvo pasitelktas kaip bendrojo ugdymo politikos irankis, siekiant isugdyti tokias moksleiviu kalbines kompetencijas, kurios uztikrintu sekminga ju isiliejima i dvikalbes arba daugiakalbes aplinkos, mokslo, studiju ir darbo rinkas.
No Brasil as concepcoes teoricas e empiricas, no diz respeito a mensuracao da empatia, quanto a um construto psicologico pode ser encontrado distribuidas em diferentes estudos da ciencia psicologica e areas afins; cada um, sob uma forma e um tipo operacional que contempla variadas concepcoes (Camino, 1979; Bandeira, Costa, Del Prette, Del Prette &, Gerk-Carneiro, 2000; Cecconello &, Koller, 2000; Echer, 2005; Oliveira &, Rodrigues, 2005; Pavarino, Del Prete &, Del Prete, 2005; Gouveia, Guerra, Santos, Rivera &, Singelis, 2007; Primi, Bueno &, Muniz, 2006; Motta, Falcone, Clark &, Manhaes, 2006; Saupe & Budo, 2006; Tavares, 2006; Falcone, Gil &, Ferreira, 2007; Falcone et al.
Along with his MMA credentials, Aoki has two All Japan Jiu-Jitsu Championships, a Japan Open Jiu-Jitsu Championship, a Budo Open Championship and an ADCC Japan Championship against his name.
A project Jamshro coal-power project, has been initiated, which would be generated 260 mega watts electricity, while Budo power plant of coal, would also produce 741 mega watts electricity, Mr Abid Sher said.