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(təkēn`), hoofed mammal, Budorcas toxicolor, found in Asia, most closely related to the musk ox. The takin is oxlike in build and may reach a shoulder height of 3 1-2 ft (107 cm). It has a large head with a broad blunt muzzle; both sexes have high-set, outward-curving horns. Takins are found in the wooded mountains and valleys of W China and in the Himalayas. Although ungainly in their movements they are agile climbers. Powerful animals, they are especially fierce when cornered or wounded. They feed on a wide variety of plant life. Members of the western race are dull yellow-brown in color, but members of the races found in China are bright yellow with areas of black. The golden takin of Shaanxi prov. is a metallic gold with black hindparts. Takins are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Budorcas taxicolor), an artiodactyl of the family Bovidae; the only representative of the genus. The body is massive, and the legs are short and thick. The horns are curved backward. The animal stands about 100 cm high at the shoulder; the body length ranges from about 120 to 150 cm, and the weight is about 300 kg. The coloration is reddish gray. The takin is distributed in the high mountains of Central Asia, inhabiting areas near the timberline. It is a gregarious polygamous animal. Its diet consists of grass and leaves.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a ruminant belonging to the family Bovidae, subfamily Caprinae, genus Budorcas (Figure).
Preliminary observation on the phenomena of solitary individuals in Golden Takin (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi) in Qinling Mountain ranges.
Cloned endangered species takin (Budorcas taxicolor) by interspecies nuclear transfer and comparison of the blastocyst development with yak (Bos grunnuens) and bovine.