Budyko, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Budyko, Mikhail Ivanovich


Born Jan. 20, 1920, in Gomel’. Soviet geophysicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1964). Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Upon graduating from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1942, Budyko worked at the A. I. Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory, becoming its director in 1954. His major works are in the fields of physical climatology, bioclimatology, and actinometry. Together with Academician A. A. Grigor’ev, he formulated the periodic law of geographical zonality. Budyko received the Lenin Prize in 1958 for his work on the heat balance of the earth’s surface. He has been awarded two orders and various medals.


Isparenie v estestvennykh usloviiakh. Leningrad, 1948.
Atlas teplovogo balansa. Leningrad, 1955. (Editor.)
Teplovoi balans zemnoi poverkhnosti. Leningrad, 1956.
Klimat i zhyzn’. Leningrad, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.