Buganda


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Related to Buganda: Bunyoro

Buganda,

kingdom, E Africa: see BagandaBaganda
, also called Ganda, the largest ethnic group in Uganda. Bagandas comprise about 17% of the population and have the country's highest standard of living and literacy rate. Their traditional homeland is Buganda, an area of central and southern Uganda.
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; UgandaUganda
, officially Republic of Uganda, republic (2005 est. pop. 27,269,000), 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on South Sudan in the north, and on Kenya in the east.
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Buganda

 

a state in Africa that apparently came into existence in the southern part of present-day Uganda in the 15th century. The Baganda people were the main ethnic group. Until the late 18th century, Buganda was dependent on the Unyoro (Bunyoro) state. In the 19th century, particularly during the reign of Mutesa I (c. 1860-84), Buganda became a powerful state; by the mid-19th century it had subjugated the states of Unyoro and Ankole. The system of feudal property relations began to take shape in the 18th century. Slavery also existed; it was patriarchal in nature. The majority of the population was made up of free peasant commune members (bataka). In addition, there were other categories of the dependent population, which had definite obligations to the feudal lords. Agriculture was the population’s major occupation; handicrafts became highly developed. The ruler of Buganda (the kabaka) was the supreme military commander and the highest judicial authority and priest. All the land was at his disposal. There was also a parliament (the lukiko), presided over by a speaker (the katikiro). Buganda was divided into provinces headed by bazasas. The priesthood played a very prominent role.

Buganda became a British possession in 1890. In 1900 it became part of the Uganda protectorate. After Uganda became independent in 1962, Buganda enjoyed a certain autonomy. In 1963, Kabaka Mutesa II was elected the first president of Uganda. In February 1966 the kabaka, who had led the ruling feudal-bourgeois clique’s opposition to national progressive forces, was removed from his post as president. In May 1966 a reactionary revolt broke out in Buganda; the revolt was suppressed. Mutesa II fled to England. The new constitution of Uganda, adopted in September 1967, proclaimed Uganda a unitary republic and ended Buganda’s autonomous status.

REFERENCES

Roscoe, J. The Baganda: An Account of Their Native Customs and Beliefs. London, 1911.
Irstam, T. The King of Ganda. Stockholm, 1944.

A. S. ORLOVA

Buganda

a region of Uganda: a powerful Bantu kingdom from the 17th century
References in periodicals archive ?
You had Buganda youth protesting against the government.
Photographs published in The Baganda at Home give glimpses of their domestic life with their infant son Stanley, named for the explorer who first invited missionaries to Buganda.
However, the Buganda Kingdom was almost ruined forever when Uganda's first post-independence Prime Minister Milton Obote (later president) abolished it in 1966, almost destroying its palaces as well as one of the world's biggest royal mausoleums in the world--the Kasubi tombs, which reportedly date back to the 13th century and are the revered burial ground of the Kingdom's Kabakas (kings).
Though claiming to represent 'natives of this country'--Kenyan Africans--in fact the views represented in the supplement were those of Buganda expatriates who were hostile to the Indian business community.
In the same region, other chunks of land belong to individuals, mainly descendants of chiefs and members of the Buganda royal family.
Here, the quintessential example is perhaps the Buganda Kingdom in the Uganda Protectorate, in which 'Baganda sub-imperialism' or the use of Baganda agents as administrators, chiefs, and tax collectors became one of the principal means of integrating various relatively acephalous societies into the colonial state (e.
King Mwanga II of Buganda Kingdom ordered the martyrs killed during a period of political and religious turmoil as he tried to assert his authority amid the growing influence of missionaries from Europe.
The martyrs, all of them either Catholic or Protestant, were executed between 1885 and 1887 by King Mwanga of Buganda.
Although Bishop Jackson Matovu of the diocese of Central Buganda did not attend the meeting, owing to tensions between the church in Uganda and other parts of the Communion, Hiltz said that other clergy within that diocese attended "enthusiastically, really looking forward to the opportunity to be together and to talk across relationships.
In Uganda, for example, the Buganda Kingdom has historically been an opponent of EAC federation since colonial times and retained its scepticism around EAC integration, but from the current reality rather than idea of integration:
60) Among Rwanda and Buganda communities near Lake Victoria, there are stories of culture-heroes who brought banana, fowl and millet in to their country.
A Church Missionary Society (CMS) teacher from the year of his baptism in 1895, he left his native Buganda to work in the kingdom of Tooro and in the Ituri Forest until his death in 1933.