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kingdom, E Africa: see BagandaBaganda
, also called Ganda, the largest ethnic group in Uganda. Bagandas comprise about 17% of the population and have the country's highest standard of living and literacy rate. Their traditional homeland is Buganda, an area of central and southern Uganda.
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; UgandaUganda
, officially Republic of Uganda, republic (2015 est. pop. 37,102,000), 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on South Sudan in the north, and on Kenya in the east.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a state in Africa that apparently came into existence in the southern part of present-day Uganda in the 15th century. The Baganda people were the main ethnic group. Until the late 18th century, Buganda was dependent on the Unyoro (Bunyoro) state. In the 19th century, particularly during the reign of Mutesa I (c. 1860-84), Buganda became a powerful state; by the mid-19th century it had subjugated the states of Unyoro and Ankole. The system of feudal property relations began to take shape in the 18th century. Slavery also existed; it was patriarchal in nature. The majority of the population was made up of free peasant commune members (bataka). In addition, there were other categories of the dependent population, which had definite obligations to the feudal lords. Agriculture was the population’s major occupation; handicrafts became highly developed. The ruler of Buganda (the kabaka) was the supreme military commander and the highest judicial authority and priest. All the land was at his disposal. There was also a parliament (the lukiko), presided over by a speaker (the katikiro). Buganda was divided into provinces headed by bazasas. The priesthood played a very prominent role.

Buganda became a British possession in 1890. In 1900 it became part of the Uganda protectorate. After Uganda became independent in 1962, Buganda enjoyed a certain autonomy. In 1963, Kabaka Mutesa II was elected the first president of Uganda. In February 1966 the kabaka, who had led the ruling feudal-bourgeois clique’s opposition to national progressive forces, was removed from his post as president. In May 1966 a reactionary revolt broke out in Buganda; the revolt was suppressed. Mutesa II fled to England. The new constitution of Uganda, adopted in September 1967, proclaimed Uganda a unitary republic and ended Buganda’s autonomous status.


Roscoe, J. The Baganda: An Account of Their Native Customs and Beliefs. London, 1911.
Irstam, T. The King of Ganda. Stockholm, 1944.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a region of Uganda: a powerful Bantu kingdom from the 17th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Random inheritance will be the death of African productivity, at least as far as Buganda is concerned.
However, Mr Nsereko, who is one of the defendants and an adviser on Kabaka's private land in Buganda Kingdom said they are ready to defend themselves in court.
Late colonial politics in Uganda, and perhaps especially in Buganda, fails to fit into conventional frames for understanding change, such as examinations of colonial power and resistance, or the emergence of a nationalist leadership.
There is no doubt that the diction and opaqueness of the revelation mimic the limited abilities of a woman to openly question the non-conforming sexuality of her husband at a Buganda court.
The outcomes outlined in HAP reports included increased allocations from the district local government and the Buganda budget in support of FP/RH activities, and increased political support from religious and cultural leaders.
Because this institution is outside the jurisdiction of the government, some banks are reluctant to accept land titles issued by the Buganda Land Board to grant loans.
Similar Luo influence is found in the Buganda Kingdom in Uganda.
"Here, in Buganda [a subnational kingdom within Uganda], they usually minimize girls.
The martyrs, all of them either Catholic or Protestant, were executed between 1885 and 1887 by King Mwanga of Buganda.
Although Bishop Jackson Matovu of the diocese of Central Buganda did not attend the meeting, owing to tensions between the church in Uganda and other parts of the Communion, Hiltz said that other clergy within that diocese attended "enthusiastically, really looking forward to the opportunity to be together and to talk across relationships." Differences over contentious issues such as human sexuality weren't part of the discussion "or even the subtext," he said in an interview.
The nation-state's failure to address ethnic issues, and often perpetuate them, saw the politicisation of ethnicity most evident in Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi, which has created gross insecurity with the denial of citizenship rights to certain groups; but also a Uganda which has the 'Buganda' question remaining core to its development, and a Tanzania unreconciled between the mainland and Zanzibar island (Chikwanha 2012: 20-21; Oloo 2007).
(60) Among Rwanda and Buganda communities near Lake Victoria, there are stories of culture-heroes who brought banana, fowl and millet in to their country.