Buginese


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Buginese

 

the language of the Bugi; one of the Indonesian languages. Spoken in southwestern Sulawesi Island, with the exception of its extreme southwestern portion; and in other regions of Indonesia, where sizable groups of Bugi are settled. There are approximately 3 million speakers of Buginese (1967). Buginese, Makassarese, and the dialects of central Sulawesi are members of the South Sulawesi subgroup of the Indonesian languages.

A Buginese-Makassarese alphabet (of Indian origin) was in use for several centuries. The Latin alphabet is currently preferred. Written records in Buginese prior to the 17th century are unknown. From the 17th to the 19th centuries Buginese was the medium of one of the richest regional literatures in Indonesia, which included great epic poem cycles (for example, La Galigo), historical short stories and narrative poems, chronicles of the principalities, and legal and religious works. The folklore is variegated.

Buginese displays considerable stylistic variation in the traditional literary forms. A modern literature has not taken shape. The language has been very poorly studied. The principal studies were made by the Dutch missionary B. F. Matthes from the 1860’s to the 1880’s.

REFERENCES

Matthes, B. F. Boeginesche spraakkunst. The Hague, 1875.
Brandstetter, R. Sprachvergleichendes Charakterbild eines indonesischen Idiomes. Luzern, 1911.
Noorduyn, J. Een achttiende—eeuwse kroniek van Wadjo’. The Hague, 1955.

IU. KH. SIRK

References in periodicals archive ?
Old Buginese and Makassarese diaries', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Landen Volkenkunde 122:416-28.
Past scholars have often speculated on the motives or conditions that enabled Buginese, and Wajo people in particular, to play such an effective diasporic role.
The first account is limited to a description of the stone tools, plant and animal remains, and human bones found in the limestone caverns that they inhabited prior their removal and resettlement by the Buginese, but a subsequent account by Fritz Sarasin (1906) provided anthropometric data and photographs.
Labuan Bajo is often characterized as having been in the past a cluster of fishing villages populated mainly by people originating from other islands, such as Bajau (hence the name Labuan Bajo), and Buginese from Sulawesi and Bimanese from Sumbawa, who over the centuries settled in various places around the coast of western Flores.
Indigenous place based cultural groups (Goebel, 2010), so named because of their regional locations, include the Javanese, Sundanese, Bantenese, Betawi, Tengger, Osing and Badui from Java; the Madurese from Madura; Malays, Batak, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Lampung and Kubu groups from Sumatra; the Dayak and Banjar from Kalimantan; Makassarese, Buginese, Mandar, Minhasa, Gorontalonese, Toraja and Bajau from Sulawesi; the Balinese and Sasak from the Sunda Islands; Nuaulu, Manusela and Wemale from the Moluccas; and Dani, Bauzi and Asmat from Papua.
In addition to these ethnic groups, there are also Tionghoa/Chinese, Minang/Padangese, Buginese, Javanese, Maduranese, Sundanese and other minority ethnic groups.
It is worth noting that traditionally the concept of Rewa is tightly related the value of siri' (local concept of shame and dignity among Makassarese and Buginese, two major ethnic groups in South Sulawesi) that refers to positive qualities, such as showing courage in defending dignity, earning a lot of money or gaining a high level of knowledge and skills (Mattulada, 1979, 1998).
For approximately two years the shaykh personally led a force of about five thousand Bantenese, Makassarese, Javanese, and Buginese followers in skirmishes against the Dutch (Azra 2006: 97).
In that regard, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's popularity was a significant enough a factor to entice Jusuf Kalla to drop out of the Golkar convention, forming what most observers contended was a dream presidential ticket--Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono representing Java and Jusuf Kalla, the Buginese businessman from South Sulawesi, representing the outer provinces.
The "Maloh" are speakers of an Austronesian language which is distinctive in central Borneo and is closely related to Buginese.
By the late 1920s, Indonesian nationalists had decided that this language, now to be called 'Indonesian', was the true national language; after that many 'big' languages like Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese and Buginese were turned into 'dialects' or mere 'regional languages', though they are mostly older than 'Malay', and some have literary traditions much more impressive than that of Malay.
The two most likely sources of instability, as argued by the Australian National University academic, Alan Dupont, are 'divisions within the indigenous East Timorese population, and between the East Timorese and the Javanese and Buginese migrant communities that have established themselves in the province over the past two decades'.