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the language of the Bugi; one of the Indonesian languages. Spoken in southwestern Sulawesi Island, with the exception of its extreme southwestern portion; and in other regions of Indonesia, where sizable groups of Bugi are settled. There are approximately 3 million speakers of Buginese (1967). Buginese, Makassarese, and the dialects of central Sulawesi are members of the South Sulawesi subgroup of the Indonesian languages.

A Buginese-Makassarese alphabet (of Indian origin) was in use for several centuries. The Latin alphabet is currently preferred. Written records in Buginese prior to the 17th century are unknown. From the 17th to the 19th centuries Buginese was the medium of one of the richest regional literatures in Indonesia, which included great epic poem cycles (for example, La Galigo), historical short stories and narrative poems, chronicles of the principalities, and legal and religious works. The folklore is variegated.

Buginese displays considerable stylistic variation in the traditional literary forms. A modern literature has not taken shape. The language has been very poorly studied. The principal studies were made by the Dutch missionary B. F. Matthes from the 1860’s to the 1880’s.


Matthes, B. F. Boeginesche spraakkunst. The Hague, 1875.
Brandstetter, R. Sprachvergleichendes Charakterbild eines indonesischen Idiomes. Luzern, 1911.
Noorduyn, J. Een achttiende—eeuwse kroniek van Wadjo’. The Hague, 1955.


References in periodicals archive ?
Labuan Bajo is often characterized as having been in the past a cluster of fishing villages populated mainly by people originating from other islands, such as Bajau (hence the name Labuan Bajo), and Buginese from Sulawesi and Bimanese from Sumbawa, who over the centuries settled in various places around the coast of western Flores.
Indigenous place based cultural groups (Goebel, 2010), so named because of their regional locations, include the Javanese, Sundanese, Bantenese, Betawi, Tengger, Osing and Badui from Java; the Madurese from Madura; Malays, Batak, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Lampung and Kubu groups from Sumatra; the Dayak and Banjar from Kalimantan; Makassarese, Buginese, Mandar, Minhasa, Gorontalonese, Toraja and Bajau from Sulawesi; the Balinese and Sasak from the Sunda Islands; Nuaulu, Manusela and Wemale from the Moluccas; and Dani, Bauzi and Asmat from Papua.
In addition to many Chinese (some Christian, but mostly Confucianist) there are kampongs of Moslem Buginese, Javanese, and Madurese settlers.
In addition to these ethnic groups, there are also Tionghoa/Chinese, Minang/Padangese, Buginese, Javanese, Maduranese, Sundanese and other minority ethnic groups.
For approximately two years the shaykh personally led a force of about five thousand Bantenese, Makassarese, Javanese, and Buginese followers in skirmishes against the Dutch (Azra 2006: 97).
By the late 1920s, Indonesian nationalists had decided that this language, now to be called 'Indonesian', was the true national language; after that many 'big' languages like Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese and Buginese were turned into 'dialects' or mere 'regional languages', though they are mostly older than 'Malay', and some have literary traditions much more impressive than that of Malay.
The two most likely sources of instability, as argued by the Australian National University academic, Alan Dupont, are 'divisions within the indigenous East Timorese population, and between the East Timorese and the Javanese and Buginese migrant communities that have established themselves in the province over the past two decades'.
This usage was also known in South Africa, witness a bad Malay translation (by a Dutchman) of a letter written in Buginese (1760; Franken 1953: 67-69).
Muslim Javanese and Buginese living in East Timor since 1976 are also opposed to independence.
In January 1995, a Buginese stabbed a Timorese to death in Baucau.
Then, some time later they joined the Buginese from Johor-Singapore-Riau, as well as Buginese directly from Sulawesi, and also other Malays and Arabs from Java, Sumatra, Banjarmasin, and so on.
Regarding issues of cultural identity in West Borneo (Sellato 1993), it seems over-simple to consider foundation of the coastal trading centers solely in relation to Malay, Javanese and Buginese immigrants, as is usual (e.