Negros (nāˈgrōs), island (1990 pop. 3,182,252), 4,905 sq mi (12,704 sq km), one of the Visayan Islands, 4th largest of the Philippines, between Panay and Cebu. Although mountainous (Mt. Canloan, a volcano, rises to c.8,088 ft/2,465 m), Negros has extensive arable lowlands; they are intensively cultivated and densely populated. Negros is the sugar center of the Philippines. Two thirds of the nation's sugarcane is grown there, and sugar processing is a major industry; paper products are made from sugarcane residue. Rice, coconuts, bananas, and corn are also grown. The island has a lumber industry and copper and coal deposits.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
an island in the central Philippines. Area, 12,700 sq km. Population (including neighboring islands), 2,300,000 (1970). The island is primarily mountainous, with a maximum elevation of 2,460 m (the Canlaon volcano). The fertile plains of the west and northwest are composed mostly of volcanic soils. The island has a subequatorial monsoonal climate. Evergreen tropical forests grow in the mountains and savannas on the plains. Sugarcane is the chief agricultural product; rice and corn are also grown. Lumber is exported, and there are deposits of copper (Sipolay) and sulfur. The cities of Bacolod and San Carlos are located on Negros.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.