Fushun

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Fushun

(fo͞o`sho͞on`), city (1994 est. pop. 1,245,700), NE Liaoning prov., China, in a highly industrialized area. It is connected by rail with nearby Shenyang (Mukden) and with Dalian. Fushun's coal mines include an enormous open-pit coal mine that has been in operation since about the 12th cent. They are now highly mechanized, but minable coal deposits and production have decreased significantly in 21st cent. Oil shale deposits, also mined there, are processed in the Fushun oil refineries. Fushun also has a major aluminum-reduction plant and factories making automobiles, machinery, chemicals, cement, and rubber. The city was developed by Russia until 1905 and by Japan until 1945.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fushun

 

a city in northeastern China, in Liaoning Province; situated on the Hun Ho. Population, 1,080,000 (1974). Fushun is one of the most important centers of heavy industry in China, with ferrous metallurgy, aluminum processing, a by-product coke industry, and the production of mineral fertilizers, acids, synthetic fuel, cement, and mining and electrical equipment. Hard coal, oil shale, iron ore, and aluminum ore are mined on a large scale in the surrounding region. [28–440–1 ]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Fushun

a city in NE China, in central Liaoning province near Shenyang: situated on one of the richest coalfields in the world; site of the largest thermal power plant in NE Asia. Pop.: 1 425 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005