Bukin, Vasilii Nikolaevich
Born Jan. 15 (27), 1899, in the village of Znamenskoe, in present-day Penza Oblast. Soviet biochemist; corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1964).
In 1925, Bukin graduated from the Leningrad Agricultural Institute. From 1932 to 1938 he worked at the Institute of Plant Growing in Leningrad, where he organized one of the first laboratories for vitamin study in the USSR. Beginning in 1938 he worked at the Institute of Biochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; since 1943 he has concurrently been a professor at the Moscow Technological Institute of the Food Industry. His major works are on the biosynthesis of vitamins and their role in metabolism and on means of obtaining vitamins. Domestic production of vitamins A, B12, B15, and D2 and their use in the food industry, medical practice, and livestock-raising are based on the works of Bukin and his colleagues. He has received the State Prize of the USSR (1949) and the A. N. Bakh Prize (1963). He has been awarded the order of the Red Banner of Labor and medals.
WORKSVitaminy, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
“Biokhimicheskie funktsii vitamina B12.” Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii, 1960, vol. 6, issue 4.
Vitamin B15 (pangamovaia kislota): Sb. st. Moscow, 1965.
“S-metilmetionin kak protivoiazvennyi faktor (vitamin U).” Uspekhi biologicheskoi khimii, 1969, no. 10. (With G. N. Khuchua.)