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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Turkic-speaking tribes making up the basic population of Bulgaria on the Volga.

The Bulgars came to the central Volga Region from the Azov region in the second half of the seventh century, after the fall of Great Bulgaria (a state which arose in the seventh century between the Don and Kuban rivers). This has been corroborated by archaeological data. The Bulgars cooperated with local tribes that belonged to the Finno-Ugric language group. With the coming of the Bulgars, who built a strong military organization and achieved political hegemony in the Volga-Kama region, Turkic languages began to spread throughout the central Volga Region. The Bulgars played a major role in the consolidation of local tribes in the creation of their feudal state. The origins of some peoples of the Volga and Kama regions can be traced to the Bulgars (Chuvashes, Kazan Tartars, and others).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stir the ras-el-hanout spice powder and ground cinnamon through the bulgar wheat, then add the cucumber, pomegranate seeds, apricots, raisins or sultanas, chicken and mint leaves.
Investigators say survivors reported the boat was listing to starboard and having engine trouble, even as it left the town of Bulgar en route to Kazan, about 470 miles East of Moscow.
His history passes through such stages as Constantine and the church ascendant, barbarians and Christians, the fall of Rome, of buildings and generals, the image breakers, the glorious House of Macedon, Basil the Bulgar Slayer, the Comneni recovery, swords that drip with Christian blood, the brilliant sunset, and the eternal emperor.
The England boss now faces a desperate battle to win over the fans in their opening Euro 2012 qualifiers against Bulgar ia tonight and i n Switzerland next Tuesday.
Sofia considers all Macedonians to have Bulgarian ancestry, as former Bulgar kings dominated the region in medieval times.
Rza Kayaalp who advanced to the second round without a match defeated Bulgar Ivan Stoyanov Ivanov with (2-0) in the second round, Gerogian Dimitri Javakhishvili (2-0) in third round and Lithuanian Mizgaitis Mindaugas (2-0) in the group final and advanced to the final.
1 pitta bread, 200g yoghurt, 30g almonds, 150g beans, 150g lamb and 120g bulgar, 60g dried fruit and 3-5 portions of fruit and vegetables, e.g.
Greek and Roman, Getae, Thracian, Bulgar, Slavs, Avars, Goths, Celts, Tatars, Huns, Arabs, Turks, Russians, and, now, the U.S.
An ace Bulgarian in the sun of Portugal can easily become a vulgar Bulgar in the demands of the Premiership.
To underscore Arena's impact on the once static Bulgar exhib market, Sofia-based plex owner and manager Alexandra Film announced the Arena has just admitted its millionth customer after just 10 months in operation.
Mark Slobin [Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982]), a handful of scholarly articles including Walter Feldman's authoritative study of the American bulgar and its roots (Walter Feldman, "Bulgareasca/ Bulgarish/Bulgar: The Transformation of a Klezmer Dance Genre," Ethnomusicology 38 [1994]: 1-35), Art Davidow's Klezmer Shack Web site (www.klezmershack.com, accessed 22 May 2003), and hundreds of largely uncritical (and often uninformed) music reviews and articles.
1-1/2 pounds 3 pounds 4-1/2 pounds 3 Tbsp 6 Tbsp 9 Tbsp vegetable oil 1/2 lb 1 lb 1-1/2 lb onions, finely diced 1/4 lb 1/2 lb 3/4 lb carrots, finely diced 1/4 lb 1/2 lb 3/4 lb celery, finely diced 2 4 6 cloves garlic, minced 1/3 cup 2/3 cup 1 cup fine bulgar 1/2 lb 1 lb 1-1/2 lb fresh tomatoes, diced 1 cup 2 cups 3 cups water 1 tsp 2 tsp 1 Tbsp thyme 1/2 cup 1 cup 1-1/2 cups dark miso 3/4 cup 1-1/2 cups 2-1/4 cups tahini 1 tsp 2 tsp 1-1/2 tsp ground nutmeg 1 2 3 pinch(es) ground allspice In a pot, heat the vegetable oil over medium heat.