Bulgarian Legion

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Bulgarian Legion


two military units set up in Belgrade in the 1860’s with the consent of the Serbian government by Bulgarian émigrés to fight for the liberation of Bulgaria from the Turkish yoke. The first Bulgarian Legion was founded by G. S. Rakovski in spring 1861 and numbered more than 500 men. V. Levski, P. Khitov, S. Karadzha, Kh. Makedonski, Iliu-voevoda, and others took part in it. The legion was conceived as a nucleus for a future rebel army. It participated in the fight between Serbs and the Turkish garrison in Belgrade in June 1862. After the settlement of the Serbo-Turkish conflict in September 1862 the legion was disbanded. The second Bulgarian Legion was composed of 200 students attending the military school set up in 1867 in Belgrade by Bulgarian émigré organizations; the school trained cadres for future uprisings in Bulgaria. In April 1868 the legion was disbanded by the Serbian government, which was ceasing military preparations against Turkey.


Undzhiev, I. Vasil, Levski: Biografiia. Sofia, 1967.
Kosev, D. Novaia istoriia Bolgarii: Kurs lektsii. Moscow, 1952. (Translated from Bulgarian.)
References in periodicals archive ?
He decides to dedicate himself to the revolutionary struggle, "throws off the cassock," and in the beginning of 1962 he goes to Belgrade, where Georgi Rakovski prepares the First Bulgarian Legion. Because of his skills Vasil Kunchev received the nickname Levski(Lion).
Today Bulgaria celebrates the 177-th anniversary of the birth of its national hero, the aApostle of Freedoma Vasil Levski.Vasil Ivanov Kunchev was born in the town of Karlovo a son to a poor family that he had to take care of early in his life after the death of his father.A In his young years he joined a monastic confraternity, but left it to join the Bulgarian freedom movement.A Shortly after joining the First Bulgarian Legion, he acquired the nickname "Levski" (the Lion) after performing a spectacular jump over a training pit.
During his participation in the First Bulgarian Legion in Belgrade, Serbia, in 1862, he received the nickname "Levski" - "Lionlike".
The Bulgarian Legion "Anti-Mafia" has sent a letter to EU and NATO Ambassadors in the country to inform them that General Stoimen Stoimenov, National Security Advisor of President, Rosen Plevneliev, has been employed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party during the Communist regime.
1862 he went to Belgrade to become part of Georgi Rakovski's Bulgarian Legion. The following years he worked as a teacher in various parts of the country, gathering support for the movement, and also took part in a number of armed freedom-fighting groups.
Born in the sub-Balkan town of Karlovo to middle class parents, Levski became an Orthodox monk before emigrating to join the two Bulgarian Legions in Serbia and other Bulgarian revolutionary groups.
Mobilized around the neo-Nazi march this Saturday, commemorating interwar General Hristo Lukov, the Hitlerite leader of the Bulgarian Legions, who and introduced anti-Semitic laws, they were ready to provoke and loot.

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